LIT SIM BOOKLET

Raymond A. Sebastian

A Strategic Intervention Material

WHAT'S INSIDE?
Learning can't be this more fun!

1
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pu ekam
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;yrteop
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:nac uoy MIS siht fo dne eht yB

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Poetry is a type of literature based on the interplay of words
and rhythm. It often—but not always—employs rhyme and
meter (a set of rules governing the number and arrangement of
syllables in each line). In poetry, words are strung together to
form sounds, images, and ideas that might be too complex or
abstract to describe directly.
Poetry was once written according to fairly strict rules of
meter and rhyme, and each culture had its own rules.
For example, Anglo-Saxon poets had
their own rhyme schemes and meters,
while Greek poets and Arabic poets
had others.
Although these classical forms are still
widely

used

frequently

today,
do

away

modern

poets

with

rules

altogether – their poems generally do
not

rhyme,

and

do

not

fit

any

particular meter.
These poems, however, still have a
rhythmic quality and seek to create
beauty through their words.

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Of all creatures that breathe
and move upon the
earth,nothing is bred that is
weaker than man.

HOMER, THE ODYSSEY

The Greek poet Homer wrote
some of the ancient world’s
most famous literature.
He wrote in a style called epic
poetry, which deals with gods,
heroes,

monsters,

and

other

large-scale “epic” themes.

of Greek heroes like Achilles
Odysseus,

and

have

inspired countless generations
of

poets,

novelists,

philosophers alike.

EPIC

Poetry is probably the oldest
form

Homer’s long poems tell stories
and

Importance of Poetry

and

of

literature,

and

probably predates the origin
of writing itself.
The

oldest

manuscripts
poems,

we

mostly

written
have
epic

are

poems

telling the stories of ancient
mythology.

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“When all the illusions of
personal immortality are
stripped away, there is only
the act to maintain the
freedom to act.”
THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH

Examples include the Epic of
Gilgamesh

and

the

Vedas

(sacred texts of Hinduism).
This style of writing may have
developed

to

memorize

long

help

people

chains

of

Rhythm
make

and
the

rhyme
text

can
more

information in the days before

memorable, and thus easier

writing.

to preserve for cultures that
do

not

have

a

written

language.
Poetry can be written with
all the same purposes as any
other kind of literature –
beauty, humor, storytelling,
political messages, etc.

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G U ID E C A R D

“I think that I shall
never see
a poem lovely as a tree...
poems ae made by fools
like me,
but only God can make
a tree. JOYCE KILMER, TREE

This is an excerpt from Joyce
Kilmer’s famous short poem.
The poem employs a fairly standard
rhyme scheme (AABB, lines 1 and 2
rhymes together and lines 3 and 4
rhymes together), and a meter
called “iambic tetrameter”
This is commonly employed in
children’s rhymes.

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FREE VERSE
“I saw the best minds of my
generation destroyed by
madness,starving hysterical
naked,dragging themselves
through the negro streets at
dawn lookingfor an angry
fix,angelheaded hipsters burning
for the ancient
heavenlyconnection to the starry
dynamo in the machinery of
night,who poverty and tatters
and hollow-eyed and high sat
up smoking…
ALLEN GINSBURG, HOWL

These are the first few lines of Howl, one of the most famous
examples of modern “free verse” poetry. It has no rhyme, and
no particular meter.
But its words still have a distinct, rhythmic quality, and the
line breaks encapsulate the meaning of the poem.
Notice how the last word of each line contributes to the
imagery of a corrupt, ravaged city (“madness, naked, smoking”),
with one exception: “heavenly.”
This powerful juxtaposition goes to the heart of Ginsburg’s
intent in writing the poem – though what that intent is, you’ll
have to decide for yourself.

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PAK
GANERN!

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IN THE SPACE PROVIDED, WRITE PAK IF THE STATEMENT IS CORRECT;
GANERN IF WRONG.

______1. Poetry is a type of literature based on
the interplay of words and rhythm.
______2. In poetry, words are strung together to
form sounds, images, and ideas that might be too
simple or concrete to describe directly.
______3. Poetry was once written according to
fairly strict rules of meter and rhyme, and each
culture had its own rules.
______4. Homer wrote in a style called epic
poetry, which deals with the exploits and
travails of ordinary people.
______5. Poetry may be older than writing
itself.

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PUZZLE
MUSCLE!

Complete the puzzle .

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9

A

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SE
S

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TC
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!SDROW ME' ELBMUJNU
!SDROW ME' ELBMUJNU
!SDROW ME' ELBMUJNU
_____1. REOHM, Greek poet behind
"The Iliad" and "The Odyssey."
_____2. SVEAD, the sacred texts of
Hinduism
_____3. PICE, poetry that deals with
gods, h eroes, monsters, and other
large-scale themes.
_____4. CAIBMI EMETARRETT,
rhythm commonly employed in
children’s rhyme.
_____5. ERFE ESVRE, poetry that has
no rhyme, and no particular meter.

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ESS
SS

ENT
M

D
AR
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Pair the objects that rhyme by
linking them with a line.

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Inside the box are 14 words connected to our
topic. I'm sure you can find them all!

12

E

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C

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E

t
t
ou
ou
ab R
ab R
ore e Q
ore h e Q
m
n m n th
rn an t
r
ea sc
llea ,, sc a
To try
To try
e
e
po es..
po es
d
co d
co

13

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HM
C

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E

The Epic of Gilgamesh: Crash Course World
Mythology #26. (2017, September 9). YouTube.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWppk7-Mti4
Kovacs, M. (2017, March 20). What makes a poem
… a poem? YouTube.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwhouCNqFc
Poetry. (2019, August 18). Literary Terms.
https://literaryterms.net/poetry/
Uychoco, M. T. (2016). 21st century literature from
the Philippines and the world. RBSI.

REFERENCES

14

15
p. 7: 1. pak; 2. ganern; 3. ganern; 4. ganern; 5.
pak
p. 8: 1. poetry; 2. free verse; 3. Vedas; 4. rhyme;
5. meter; 6. epic; 7. Homer
p. 9: 1.poetry; 2. words; 3. rhythm; 4. rhyme; 5.
meter; 6. sounds; 7. images; 8. ideas; 9.
complex; 10. abstract
p. 10: 1. Homer; 2. Vedas; 3. epic; 4. iambic
pentameter; 5. free verse
p. 11: time-dime; tea-sea; rock-sock; cap-cop
p. 12: poetry, literature, epic, Homer, rhyme,
meter, prose, Vedas.......

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