LIT SIM BOOKLET
Raymond A. Sebastian
A Strategic Intervention Material
Learning can't be this more fun!
:nac uoy MIS siht fo dne eht yB
Poetry is a type of literature based on the interplay of words
and rhythm. It often—but not always—employs rhyme and
meter (a set of rules governing the number and arrangement of
syllables in each line). In poetry, words are strung together to
form sounds, images, and ideas that might be too complex or
abstract to describe directly.
Poetry was once written according to fairly strict rules of
meter and rhyme, and each culture had its own rules.
For example, Anglo-Saxon poets had
their own rhyme schemes and meters,
while Greek poets and Arabic poets
Although these classical forms are still
altogether – their poems generally do
These poems, however, still have a
rhythmic quality and seek to create
beauty through their words.
Of all creatures that breathe
and move upon the
earth,nothing is bred that is
weaker than man.
HOMER, THE ODYSSEY
The Greek poet Homer wrote
some of the ancient world’s
most famous literature.
He wrote in a style called epic
poetry, which deals with gods,
large-scale “epic” themes.
of Greek heroes like Achilles
inspired countless generations
Poetry is probably the oldest
Homer’s long poems tell stories
Importance of Poetry
probably predates the origin
of writing itself.
telling the stories of ancient
“When all the illusions of
personal immortality are
stripped away, there is only
the act to maintain the
freedom to act.”
THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH
Examples include the Epic of
(sacred texts of Hinduism).
This style of writing may have
information in the days before
memorable, and thus easier
to preserve for cultures that
Poetry can be written with
all the same purposes as any
other kind of literature –
beauty, humor, storytelling,
political messages, etc.
G U ID E C A R D
“I think that I shall
a poem lovely as a tree...
poems ae made by fools
but only God can make
a tree. JOYCE KILMER, TREE
This is an excerpt from Joyce
Kilmer’s famous short poem.
The poem employs a fairly standard
rhyme scheme (AABB, lines 1 and 2
rhymes together and lines 3 and 4
rhymes together), and a meter
called “iambic tetrameter”
This is commonly employed in
“I saw the best minds of my
generation destroyed by
through the negro streets at
dawn lookingfor an angry
fix,angelheaded hipsters burning
for the ancient
heavenlyconnection to the starry
dynamo in the machinery of
night,who poverty and tatters
and hollow-eyed and high sat
ALLEN GINSBURG, HOWL
These are the first few lines of Howl, one of the most famous
examples of modern “free verse” poetry. It has no rhyme, and
no particular meter.
But its words still have a distinct, rhythmic quality, and the
line breaks encapsulate the meaning of the poem.
Notice how the last word of each line contributes to the
imagery of a corrupt, ravaged city (“madness, naked, smoking”),
with one exception: “heavenly.”
This powerful juxtaposition goes to the heart of Ginsburg’s
intent in writing the poem – though what that intent is, you’ll
have to decide for yourself.
IN THE SPACE PROVIDED, WRITE PAK IF THE STATEMENT IS CORRECT;
GANERN IF WRONG.
______1. Poetry is a type of literature based on
the interplay of words and rhythm.
______2. In poetry, words are strung together to
form sounds, images, and ideas that might be too
simple or concrete to describe directly.
______3. Poetry was once written according to
fairly strict rules of meter and rhyme, and each
culture had its own rules.
______4. Homer wrote in a style called epic
poetry, which deals with the exploits and
travails of ordinary people.
______5. Poetry may be older than writing
Complete the puzzle .
!SDROW ME' ELBMUJNU
!SDROW ME' ELBMUJNU
!SDROW ME' ELBMUJNU
_____1. REOHM, Greek poet behind
"The Iliad" and "The Odyssey."
_____2. SVEAD, the sacred texts of
_____3. PICE, poetry that deals with
gods, h eroes, monsters, and other
_____4. CAIBMI EMETARRETT,
rhythm commonly employed in
_____5. ERFE ESVRE, poetry that has
no rhyme, and no particular meter.
Pair the objects that rhyme by
linking them with a line.
Inside the box are 14 words connected to our
topic. I'm sure you can find them all!
ore e Q
ore h e Q
n m n th
rn an t
llea ,, sc a
The Epic of Gilgamesh: Crash Course World
Mythology #26. (2017, September 9). YouTube.
Kovacs, M. (2017, March 20). What makes a poem
… a poem? YouTube.
Poetry. (2019, August 18). Literary Terms.
Uychoco, M. T. (2016). 21st century literature from
the Philippines and the world. RBSI.
p. 7: 1. pak; 2. ganern; 3. ganern; 4. ganern; 5.
p. 8: 1. poetry; 2. free verse; 3. Vedas; 4. rhyme;
5. meter; 6. epic; 7. Homer
p. 9: 1.poetry; 2. words; 3. rhythm; 4. rhyme; 5.
meter; 6. sounds; 7. images; 8. ideas; 9.
complex; 10. abstract
p. 10: 1. Homer; 2. Vedas; 3. epic; 4. iambic
pentameter; 5. free verse
p. 11: time-dime; tea-sea; rock-sock; cap-cop
p. 12: poetry, literature, epic, Homer, rhyme,
meter, prose, Vedas.......
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