Science Parent Guide 2021

Parent Information




Parent Information

Booklet Science Subject Lead: Mr Connelly

Parent Information

At St Pius X, we aim to make science lessons practical and exciting. Children enjoy learning

through being hands on, they are able to plan and carry out investigations in different areas of science to give them a chance to explore science and the world around us in a fun and engaging way. EYFS In EYFS our budding scientists learn through games and play. Children will learn about the natural world, including shadows and light. They will also complete activities about water, including floating and sinking, freezing and melting, and why it is important for living things to stay hydrated. This will help your child develop important skills such as observation, prediction and critical thinking. Year 1 In the Bright Lights, Big City topic, children learn about the seasons and typical seasonal weather and events. They learn about measuring weather and the role of a meteorologist. Children begin to learn about the science of day and night and recognise that, in the UK, the seasons vary in daylight hours. In the Splendid Skies topic, we develop children’s knowledge of weather and the seasons. Children will observe, identify and measure features of the weather, both everyday and extreme. Children find out about leaves and test each other to describe and draw how they are different. In the Moon Zoom! topic, children are given lots of opportunities to work scientifically to learn about seasonal changes and the uses of everyday materials. Later in the year, children play games that test their memory and investigate a strategy that will help them remember more information. They also use their hands to do a series of activities that help them discover what they can do with their sense of touch. Children also complete two tests with one eye closed and then both eyes open to understand why humans and other animals have two eyes.

At St Pius X, we aim to make science lessons practical and exciting. Children enjoy learning

Year 2

During the Beat, Band Boogie topic children explore how sound is made in different ways. They will fill jars with different volumes of water and tap them to see how the volume of water changes the sound. In the Movers and Shakers topic, children observe how plants grow from bulbs and learn why plants that grow from bulbs can start growing in winter. The also observe how easily germs can spread through direct and indirect contact. They will also discover how materials can be changed and whether this is desirable or undesirable. Children learn about and observe key stages of the ladybird life cycle in the Wriggle and Crawl topic. Children will also mark the shells of snails then release them into the school grounds. Each day, they find the snails again and mark their location on a map to find out which direction and how far they moved. In the Coastline topic children observe the differences between the degradable properties of alive, dead and never been alive materials when they are placed in a jar of salty water for six weeks.

Year 2

Year 3

In the Predator topic, Year 3 children collect, sort, group and grow different types of seed to find out how plants ‘travel’ and grow in different places through seed dispersal. Children dissect a plant’s flower to identify its main parts and learn what they are for. We also develop children’s knowledge of predatory animals, plants, food chains, habitats and learn the key parts and functions of animals and plants. Children learn about contact and non-contact forces, including friction and magnetism. They investigate magnets and magnetic materials, exploring how they behave in relation to their poles in the Rocks, Relics and Rumbles topic. In Mighty Metals, Children observe magnet’s magnetic fields to find out why they attract and repel each other. In this topic you’re an engineer, a scientist, a maker of men (iron men, of course). Children will explore the scientific world of forces and magnetism, metals and materials. Expand your mind as you test and trial, build and move. Which force is at play as you slide down a slide or swing on a swing? Can you explain why magnets repel and attract? They decide what variables they will be testing, such as the length or angle of the ramp or the material that the ramp is made from Year 4

Year 3

In the Misty Mountain, Winding River topic, children will recognise that

environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things. In the Burps, Bottoms and Bile topic children go on a voyage of discovery to investigate the busy world inside our bodies. Do they have a toothy grin or a winning smile? The children take dental impressions and test the effects of sugary substances on their pearly whites. They follow a tasty morsel as it makes its way through their digestive system, helped by some mouthwatering saliva. Children also learn about the importance of good hygiene at both ends. Children also investigate how a gas travels through the air to reach our noses. In the Blue Abyss topic, we’re going deep into an underwater world of incredible coral and mysterious sea creatures and answer some of these questions! Can you pick a favourite fish, plant or animal? What do real divers get up to below the surface? Time to go a little deeper into our seas. Make a model deep sea submarine that can withstand great pressure and travel to the deepest, darkest places on Earth. Make sure you test it first. What are those bright lights in the distance? It’s a group of bioluminescent sea creatures. Children make a circuit using different materials to test how well they conduct an electric current. Children use different components to make a series circuit that contains a buzzer or lamp. They then disconnect one of the wires and bridge the gap in the circuit with different materials to systematically test how well they conduct an electric current. Once they have tested a range of materials, children record which are conductors and which are insulators. They then build a working circuit of their own, including a lamp or buzzer, using conductive everyday items and materials instead of wires. Year 5

In the Misty Mountain, Winding River topic, children will recognise that

In the Sow Grow and Farm topic, Children learn about reactions between acids

and alkalis. They then use what they have learnt to investigate dock leaves and whether they can relieve a nettle sting. Children investigate the life cycle of an earthworm, including how it reproduces. They then observe earthworms as they hatch from their cocoons. Children learn about different plant structures used for reproduction including seeds, bulbs, corms, tubers, rhizomes and runners, and how they enable the plants to sexually and asexually reproduce. Children investigate the external and internal anatomy of a bird’s egg. They learn about its different functions to see how the egg is essential for birds to reproduce. In the Stargazers topic, children replicate Aristotle’s observations about how a boat travels over the horizon to identify that the Earth is spherical. Children investigate levers and how they help to reduce the effort needed to bring about an effect. They also investigate the speed a carriage travels down zip-wires made of different materials. After that, they use broomsticks to model how pulleys work and what they do. In the Time Traveller topic children use a simple catching test to find out and compare the reaction times of people of different ages. The Alchemy Island topic is full of scientific experiments and investigations. Children learn about and test different methods of separating mixtures. They then use these methods to try and clean a sample of dirty water. They plan an investigation to recover gold nuggets from a soil sample taken from Au Tor. They discuss what methods could be used to separate the materials and carry out the investigation to test their ideas and hunt for gold. Then they decide which methods worked best and find out if anyone recovered any gold. Year 6 In the Blood Heart topic, we teach children about the human circulatory system and heart health, developing their knowledge about the workings of the heart and significant medical discoveries.

In the Sow Grow and Farm topic, Children learn about reactions between acids

Linked science investigations: How does blood flow? What’s in blood? What

can your heart rate tell you? They will even visit Trinity to see a heart dissected! In the topic Darwin’s Delights, children learn about the evolution of the eye. They then dissect an animal’s eye to look at its key parts and how they function. They investigate how offspring inherit traits from their parents. They observe and compare wild plants growing in two areas that have a different environmental factor. Children collect holly leaves from trimmed and untrimmed trees. They observe how holly adapts and becomes pricklier to survive better. They investigate the earthworm population in an area of the school grounds by observing the earthworms and identifying different species. Children recreate how birds eat by using different tools to pick up food. They use their results to assess how birds’ beaks have adapted to eat specific types of food. In the Frozen Kingdom topic, children experience and measure how long it takes for their hands to feel cold when they are submerged in icy water with no insulation, insulated with a layer of air and insulated with a layer of fat. Later, children observe and measure how water cools then examine the effect insulation has on slowing the cooling. Children learn about the principles of classification and create their own keys to classify each other. In the Tomorrows World Topic, children use lasers and mirrors to observe light travelling in straight lines. Children also experiment with laser beams, make periscopes and investigate circuits by predicting what will happen to the brightness of a lamp or volume of a buzzer if they increase the number of batteries in a working circuit, then planning and carrying out the experiment.

Linked science investigations: How does blood flow? What’s in blood? What



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