Reading and Phonics EY nad KS1 Parent Guide 2021

Parent Information




Parent Information

Booklet Reading and Phonics Early Years and KS1 Subject Lead: Mrs Connelly

Parent Information

This booklet contains information about how reading and phonics is taught at St. Pius X.

Within this booklet you will find helpful tips for you as parents and carers to help your child become better readers. Included in this booklet: ● What is phonics? o Why teach phonics? o Definitions o Phonics Bug o Phonics Screening ● How to o o o help with phonics at home Games and Activities to do at home Some useful websites Some useful apps ● Reading in school o How do we teach reading at school? o Reception o KS1 o Bug Club

This booklet contains information about how reading and phonics is taught at St. Pius X.

o Book Bands

o Reading records o Reading at home ● How to help your child with reading at home o Reading Records o What you can do at home o Reading for pleasure o Useful questions for reading times o Reading for pleasure o Useful websites o Useful apps What is Phonics? Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to: ● recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes; ● identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make- such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and ● blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word. Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read. Why teach phonics? The ability to read and write well is a vital skill for all children, paving the way for an enjoyable and successful school experience. Phonics helps children to develop good reading and spelling skills. For example, cat can be sounded out for reading and spelling. We use Bug Club Phonics scheme to teach phonics in school. Phonics Bug aims to help all children in our school learn to read by the age of six in a fun and accessible way. The scheme follows the order of Letters and Sounds. Phonics consists of: ● Identifying sounds in spoken words ● Recognising the common spellings of each phoneme.

o Book Bands

● Blending phonemes into words for reading.

● Segmenting words into phonemes for spelling. Definitions A Phoneme This is the smallest unit of sound in a word e.g. In the word cat there are 3 phonemes A grapheme These are the letters that represent the phoneme. Children need to practise recognising the grapheme and saying the phoneme that it represents The grapheme could be 1 letter, 2 letters or more! We often refer to these as sound buttons: Eg. t ai igh Blending ● Recognising the letter sounds in a written word and blending them to read the word, for example: c–u–p d–o–g Segmenting ● Splitting the word to spell it out ● The opposite to blending ● Identifying the individual sounds in a spoken word e.g. ch- ee- k c- oi – n Digraphs - 2 letters that make 1 sound oa as in boat ai as in train Trigraphs - 3 letters that make 1 sound igh as in night dge as in fudge

● Blending phonemes into words for reading.

Tricky words

Words that are not phonically decodable e.g. was, the, I Phonics Bug In school lessons are taught using the Phonics Bug scheme following letters and sounds. Children will be taught daily phonics from Nursery to Year 2. Additional phonics teaching might take place in KS2 for children who require it. ● Letters and Sounds is divided into six phases, with each phase building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning. ● Children have time to practise and rapidly expand their ability to read and spell words. ● Children are also taught to read and spell ‘tricky words’, which are words with spellings that are unusual. Lesson Format In each year group, phonic sessions will follow this format: ● ● ● ● Revise: the children will revise previous learning. Teach: new phonemes or high frequency or tricky words will be taught. Practice: the children will practise the new learning by reading and/or writing the words. Apply: the children will apply their new learning by reading or writing sentences.

Tricky words

Phonics Screening

What is the phonics screening check? At the end of Year 1, your child will take part in a statutory phonics screening check. The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. It helps school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress. The phonics check will take place in June* Children who don’t pass the phonic screen check will be retested in Year 2. * Children who left Year 1 in Summer 2020 (current Year 2s) will take the phonic screening check in the Autumn Term of 2020. Children who do not pass will retake the screening in June.

Phonics Screening

How to help with phonics at home

Games and Activities Here are some games and activities that you can do at home to promote and help your child in phonics. ● Sing an alphabet song together ● Play ‘I spy’ ● Use magnetic letters to make words (Can you segment the word? Can you blend these sounds?) ● Play pairs with words and pictures ● When out for a walk pick objects and ask your child what sound does it start with? ● Mystery bag - place 3 objects in a bag like a ball, button and book. Have the children feel in the bag and guess the mystery letter ● Monster names - children to create made up monster names ● Treasure hunts - write sounds on pebbles. Children find them and make words Some useful websites ● ● ● ● http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/ https://www.phonicsbloom.com/ https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/ https://www.topmarks.co.uk/english-games/5-7-years/letters-and-sounds Some useful apps ● ● ● ● Hooked on Phonics Read with Phonics Teach your Monster to Read ABC Phonics

How to help with phonics at home

Reading in school

Once children have started formal phonic teaching in Reception children begin to learn how to read. How do we teach reading in school? ● Daily phonic sessions (Reception, Year 1 & Year 2) ● Shared reading (adult reads to the child) ● Guided reading (small group reading sessions in Reception Whole class reading sessions in Year 1 & 2) ● Individual reading (children will be listened to reading twice a week) ● Reading for pleasure (children reading a book of their choice) Bug Club In school Bug Club reading scheme is used to teach children to read within Early Years and KS1. Bug Club is a reading programme that school uses to help teach your child to read. It has carefully graded reading books and eBooks which can be accessed at home.

Reading in school

Book Band Levels

Reading books are graded by difficulty by reading levels known as Book Bands. Each Book Band has its own colour. The chart below gives an indication of the range of Book Band levels at which most children will be reading as they progress through primary school. The chart shows the progress of an ‘average’ band of children - but no individual child is ‘average’, so no child makes smooth progress precisely in this way. Children tend to learn in fits and starts – periods of growth followed by periods of consolidation when their progress seems to halt for a while. The periods where you don’t see rapid progress may be worrying, especially after a ‘growth spurt’, but they are important as your child develops confidence in using and applying their newly acquired skills. If you are ever worried about your child’s progress, talk to their teacher. Although reading isn’t explicitly taught within Nursery, children will learn through stories and have stories read to them. Children are taught about books and how to use them (what the front cover is, where the first page is, looking at pictures). In Nursery language and communication is an area of learning and therefore we encourage children to talk about books. Children in Nursery will take home Lilac books (books with only pictures). Please read below the guidance for using Lilac level books.

Book Band Levels



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