ELG's Parent Guide 2021

Parent Information




Parent Information

Booklet Early Learning Goals Lead: Miss McDonald

Parent Information

Learning is fun

Learning is fun

There are 17 Early Learning Goals in Reception and 7 areas of learning, which are a bit like subjects.

Children begin to work towards these goals from their entry into Nursery and they are the final stage in your child’s early learning journey. When your child finishes Reception in July their end of year assessment will inform whether or not they have met their Early Learning Goal in each aspect. The expectation is as follows: Communication and Language ELG 01 – Listening, Attention and Understanding Children listen attentively and respond to what they hear with relevant questions, comments and actions when being read to and during whole class discussions and small group interventions. They make comments about what they have heard and ask questions to clarify their understanding. They are able to hold a conversation when engaged in back-and-forth exchanges with their teachers and peers. ELG 02 - Speaking Children participate in small group, class and one-to-one discussions, offering their own ideas, using recently introduced vocabulary. They offer explanations for why things might happen, making use of recently introduced vocabulary from stories, non-fiction, rhymes and poems when appropriate. They express their ideas and feelings about their experiences using full sentences, including use of past, present and future tenses and making use of conjunctions, with modelling and support from their teacher. Physical Development ELG 03 – Gross Motor Skills Children negotiate space and obstacles safely, with consideration for themselves and others. They demonstrate strength, balance and coordination when playing. They move energetically, such as running, jumping, dancing, hopping, skipping and climbing. ELG 04 – Fine Motor Skills Children are able to hold a pencil effectively in preparation for fluent writing – using the tripod grip in almost all cases. They are able to use a range of small tools, including scissors, paintbrushes and cutlery. They begin to show accuracy and care when drawing.

There are 17 Early Learning Goals in Reception and 7 areas of learning, which are a bit like subjects.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

ELG 05 – Self-Regulation Children show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others, and begin to regulate their behaviour accordingly. They set and work towards simple goals, being able to wait for what they want and control their immediate impulses when appropriate. They give focused attention to what the teacher says, responding appropriately even when engaged in activity, and show an ability to follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. ELG 06 - Managing Self Children are confident to try new activities and show independence, resilience and perseverance in the face of challenge. They explain the reasons for rules, know right from wrong and try to behave accordingly. They are able to manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the toilet and understanding the importance of healthy food choices. ELG 07 - Building Relationships Children work and play cooperatively and take turns with others. They form positive attachments to adults and friendships with peers. They show sensitivity to their own and to others’ needs. Literacy ELG 08 – Comprehension Children demonstrate understanding of what has been read to them by retelling stories and narratives using their own words and recently introduced vocabulary. They anticipate (where appropriate) key events in stories They are able to use and understand recently introduced vocabulary during discussions about stories, non-fiction, rhymes, poems and during role play. ELG 09 – Word Reading Children are able to say a sound for each letter in the alphabet and at least 10 diagraphs. They read words consistent with their phonic knowledge by sound-blending. They read aloud simple sentences and books that are consistent with their phonic knowledge, including some common exception words.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

ELG 10 – Writing

Children recognise letters, most of which are correctly formed. They spell words by identifying sounds in them and representing the sounds with a letter or letters. They write simple phrases and sentences that can be read by others. Mathematics ELG 11 - Number Children have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each number. They subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to 5. They automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including double facts. ELG 12 – Numerical Patterns Children verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system. They compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity. They explore and represent within numbers up to 10, including events and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally. Understanding of the World ELG 13 – Past and Present Children talk about the lives of the people around them and their roles in society. They know some similarities and differences between things in the past and now, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class. They understand the past through settings, characters and events encountered in books read in class and storytelling. ELG 14 – People, Culture and Communities Children describe their immediate environment using knowledge from observation, discussion, stories, non-fiction texts and maps.

ELG 10 – Writing

They know some similarities and differences between different religious and cultural communities in

this country, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class. They are able to explain some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries, drawing on knowledge from stories, nonfiction texts and (when appropriate) maps. ELG 15 – The Natural World Children are able to explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants. They know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class. They understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter. Expressive Arts and Design ELG 16 – Creating with Materials Children are able to safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function. They share their creations, explaining the process they have used. They are able to make use of props and materials when role playing characters in narratives and stories ELG 17 - Being Imaginative and Expressive Children invent, adapt and recount narratives and stories with peers and their teacher. They are able to sing a range of well-known nursery rhymes and songs. They are able to perform songs, rhymes, poems and stories with others, and (when appropriate) try to move in time with music.

They know some similarities and differences between different religious and cultural communities in



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