Shade

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#BlackLivesMatter

Magazine

Naomi Ohaka
1812030
Graphics Design: FMP

Uplifting the black community because we matter
Including features like Anthony Joshua and John Boyega
Lets make a change in this world

Self
Love
Pg 4-5

Poetry
Pg 6-7

slave
app Market
Pg 16-17

israel
slavery
Pg 18-19

Self
Explanatory
Pg 20-25

“Famous
quotes”
Pg 8-9

John
Boyega
Pg 26-27

Anthony
Joshua
Pg 10-11

Child
Labour

Black
Women
Pg 28-29

Pg 12-13

N-word
Pg 14-15

#2 SHADE Magazine

GEORGE
FLOYD
Pg 30-33

Thoughts and feelings
Pg 34-36

SHADE Magazine #3

#4 SHADE Magazine

POSITIVITY
POSITIVITY
“You can love what you
see in the mirror, but
you can’t self-esteem
your way out of the
way the world treats
you.”
― Gabrielle Union

SHADE Magazine #5

POE

T

re

e

By Frances
Harper -

Lan
d

RY

Make me a grave where’er you will,
In a lowly plain, or a lofty hill;
Make it among earth’s humblest graves,
But not in a land where men are slaves.
I could not rest if around my grave
I heard the steps of a trembling slave;
His shadow above my silent tomb
Would make it a place of fearful gloom.
I could not rest if I heard the tread
Of a coffle gang to the shambles led,
And the mother’s shriek of wild despair
Rise like a curse on the trembling air.
I could not sleep if I saw the lash
Drinking her blood at each fearful gash,
And I saw her babes torn from her breast,
Like trembling doves from their parent nest.
I’d shudder and start if I heard the bay
Of bloodhounds seizing their human prey,
And I heard the captive plead in vain
As they bound afresh his galling chain.
If I saw young girls from their mother’s arms
Bartered and sold for their youthful charms,
My eye would flash with a mournful flame,
My death-paled cheek grow red with shame.
I would sleep, dear friends, where bloated might
Can rob no man of his dearest right;
My rest shall be calm in any grave
Where none can call his brother a slave.
I ask no monument, proud and high,
To arrest the gaze of the passers-by;
All that my yearning spirit craves,
Is bury me not in a land of slaves.

Bury Me

#6 SHADE Magazine

in a

F

Each
day we
go about our
business,
walking past each
other, catching
each other’s
eyes or not, about to
speak or speaking.
All about us is noise. All
about us is
noise and bramble, thorn and
din, each
one of our ancestors on our tongues.
Someone is stitching up a hem, darning
a hole in a uniform, patching a tire,
repairing the things in need of repair.
Someone is trying to make music somewhere,
with a pair of wooden spoons on an oil drum,
with cello, boom box, harmonica, voice.
A woman and her son wait for the bus.
A farmer considers the changing sky.
A teacher says, Take out your pencils. Begin.
We encounter each other in words, words
spiny or smooth, whispered or declaimed,
words to consider, reconsider.
We cross dirt roads and highways that mark
the will of some one and then others, who said
I need to see what’s on the other side.
I know there’s something better down the road.
We need to find a place where we are safe.
We walk into that which we cannot yet see.
Say it plain: that many have died for this day.
Sing the names of the dead who brought us here,
who laid the train tracks, raised the bridges,
picked the cotton and the lettuce, built
brick by brick the glittering edifices
they would then keep clean and work
inside of.
Praise song for struggle, praise song
for the day.
Praise song for every hand-lettered
sign,
the figuring-it-out at kitchen tables.
Some live by love thy neighbor as thyself,
others by first do no harm or take no more
than you need. What if the mightiest word is
love?
Love beyond marital, filial, national,
love that casts a widening pool of light,
love with no need to pre-empt grievance.
In today’s sharp sparkle, this winter air,
any thing can be made, any sentence begun.
On the brink, on the brim, on the cusp,

Praise Song for the
Day
Elizabeth Alexander

praise song for walking forward in that light.

SHADE Magazine #7

#8 SHADE Magazine

SHADE Magazine #9

BLM
PROTEST

Anthony Joshua has defended the wording of a speech he gave
Black Lives Matter march.

Joshua took to social media to suggest that footage of his speech had been edited out of context.
The first line of his tweet ended in an expletive: “If
you think I’m a racist ---.
“If you watch the whole video, the speech was
passed around for someone to read and I took the
lead.

“I personally spoke from t
community, ideas of us pe
to create unity and oppor
African/Caribbean commun

“Shops aren’t the issue he

“Before you talk [negative
#10 SHADE Magazine

“I said what I said and I w

at a

the heart about the Watford
ersonally investing seven figures
tunities and adding change to the
nity.

ere.

The IBF, WBA and WBO heavyweight champion marched
in his hometown on Saturday.
He wore a knee brace and had a crutch supporting an
injury but has insisted that it won’t affect him longterm.
Joshua said during his speech at the Black Lives Matter
protest: “We can no longer sit back and remain silent
on these senseless, unlawful killings and sly racism on
another human being - based on what? Only their skin
colour.

“We need to speak out in peaceful demonstrations - just like today, so well done Watford.
“We must not use a demonstration for selfish
motives and turn it into rioting and looting.”
Joshua went on to say: “The virus has been
declared a pandemic. This is out of control.
And I’m not talking about COVID-19. The virus
I’m talking about is called racism.
“We stand united against a virus which has
been instrumental in taking lives of the young,
old, rich, poor; a virus which is unapologetic
and spreads across all sectors.”

ely] you better boycott racism.

will act to make change.”

SHADE Magazine #11

The world is set to boost
efforts to stop children
working as 2021 marks
the International Year for
the Elimination of Child
Labour, amid concerns
that COVID-19 has fuelled
the practice.
The resolution by the
193-member United Nations General Assembly
(UNGA) aims to increase
awareness and spur action to end child labour
worldwide by governments and other actors.

The Thomson Reuters
Foundation spoke to
leading anti-child labour
organisations and advocates about how the
world can turn a year of
commitment into one of
concrete action on the
ground.

CHIILD

Jo Becker, Children’s
Right Advocacy Director,
Human Rights Watch
“The choices that governments make now are
crucial. They can both
lessen the worst impacts
of the crisis on children
in the short term and set
children up for success in
the long term.

The number of child
labourers worldwide has
dropped significantly to
152 million children from
246 million in 2000, according to the U.N. Inter- A critical step that govnational Labour Organiza- ernments can take is to
tion (ILO).
get children back into
school as soon as possible
But the coronavirus
once COVID-19 is under
pandemic could reverse
control. Authorities should
two decades of work to
follow up individually with
combat the practice, and children who do not show
jeopardise a U.N. global
up for classes and try to
goal of ending child lare-engage them.
bour in all forms by 2025,
the ILO has warned.
Governments and donors
also need to help vulnerChildren who were alable families directly to
ready working before the address the financial dispandemic may now be
tress that sends children
facing longer hours and
to work. Regular cash
worse conditions, while
transfers to poor families
others could be forced to can help them meet their
work by families strugbasic needs without regling to survive the ecosorting to child labour.”
nomic downturn, according to several experts and
campaigners.

#12 SHADE Magazine

How can the world boost efforts to end
child labour in 2021?

D LABOUR

SHADE Magazine #13

Straight
Talk
About
the
N-Word

The n-word is unique in the
English language. On one
hand, it is the ultimate
insult- a word that has
tormented generations
of African Americans. Yet
over time, it has become
a popular term of endearment by the descendents of
the very
people who once had to
endure it. Among many
young people today—black
and white—the n-word can
mean friend.

- N word

#14 SHADE Magazine

Neal
A.
Lester,

dean of humanities
and former chair of
the English department
at Arizona State University,
recognized that the complexity of the n-word’s evolution demanded greater critical
attention. In 2008, he taught the fi
ever college-level class designed
explore the word “nigger” (which
referred to as the n-word). Lester
subject fascinated him precisely b
didn’t understand its layered comp

Why is the n-word so popula
young black

If you could keep the word within the c
ronment [among friends], then I can se
the word and control it. But you can’t b
of its own if it’s not in that environment.
of public and private uses. Jesse Jacks
moratorium on using the word, but then
during a “private” whispered conversati

There’s no way to know all of its nuanc
with a particular racialized American his
critical and historical discussions about
pretend that there is not a double stand
quence but whites cannot. There’s a do
that I would never say. In my relationsh
imagine her using that word, no matter

irst
d to
will be
r said the
because he
plexities.

ar with many
k kids today?

context of the intimate enviee that you could potentially own
because the word takes on a life
. People like to talk about it in terms
son was one of those who called for a
n was caught using the word with a live mic
ion.

ces because it’s such a complicated word, a word
story. But one way of getting at it is to have some
it and not pretend that it doesn’t exist. We also cannot
dard—that blacks can say it without much social conseouble standard about a lot of stuff. There are certain things
hip with my wife, who is not African American, I would never
how angry she was with me.
SHADE Magazine #15

#16 SHADE Magazine

Drive around the streets
of Kuwait and you won’t
see these women. They
are behind closed doors,
deprived of their basic
rights, unable to leave
and at risk of being sold
to the highest bidder.
But pick up a smartphone and you can scroll
through thousands of
their pictures, categorised by race, and available to buy for a few
thousand dollars.
An undercover investigation by BBC News Arabic

Other listings have been
promoted in apps approved and provided by
Google Play and Apple’s
App Store, as well as the
e-commerce platforms’
own websites.
“What they are doing is
promoting an online slave
market,” said Urmila
Bhoola, the UN special
rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery.
“If Google, Apple, Facebook or any other companies are hosting apps
like these, they have to be
held accountable.”

After being alerted to
the issue, Facebook said
it had banned one of the
hashtags involved.
Google and Apple said
they were working with
app developers to prevent
illegal activity.
The illegal sales are a
clear breach of the US
tech firms’ rules for app
developers and users.
However, the BBC has
found there are many
related listings still active
on Instagram, and other
apps available via Apple
and Google.

Nine out of 10 Kuwaiti
homes have a domestic worker - they come
from some of the poorest parts of the world
to the Gulf, aiming to
make enough money
to support their family
at home. Nine out of 10
Kuwaiti homes have a
domestic worker - they
come from some of the
poorest parts of the
world to the Gulf, aiming
to make enough money
to support their family at
home.
Posing as a couple newly

has found that domestic
workers are being illegally bought and sold
online in a booming
black market.
Some of the trade has
been carried out on
Facebook-owned Instagram, where posts have
been promoted via algorithm-boosted hashtags,
and sales negotiated via
private messages.

Human rights violated
The team were urged by app
users, who acted as if they were
the “owners” of these women, to deny them other basic
human rights, such as giving
them a “day or a minute or a
second” off.
One man, a policeman, looking
to offload his worker said:
“Trust me she’s very nice, she
laughs and has a smiley face.
Even if you keep her up till 5am
she won’t complain.”
He told the BBC team how
domestic workers were used as
a commodity.

arrived in Kuwait, the
BBC Arabic undercover
team spoke to 57 app
users and visited more
than a dozen people who
were trying to sell them
their domestic worker via
a popular commodity
app called 4Sale.
The sellers almost all
advocated confiscating
the women’s passports,
confining them to the
house, denying them any
time off and giving them
little or no access to a
phone.
SHADE Magazine #17

Salves
Salves
for
for
sale in
sale in
ISREAL
ISREAL

#18 SHADE Magazine

ERITREAN migrants staged a mock slave auction outside the Israeli Knesset today in protest against government plans to forcibly deport African refugees and asylum-seekers to Uganda and Rwanda.
Around 10 men took part in the protest covered in chains with their
mouths tapped up as another man shouted through a megaphone:
“Get your slaves. Slaves for half price.” The Knesset passed a bill in December allowing the government to imprison indefinitely or deport
asylum-seekers to an unspecified country in Africa. Israel plans to
begin deporting 40,000
African asylum-seekers
starting in
April.
Yesterday a
collection of
Israeli rabbis
inspired by
Anne Frank’s
story called
on Israelis to
hide African
asylum-seekers facing
deportation
from the
Jewish state.

SHADE Magazine #19

#20 SHADE Magazine

SHADE Magazine #21

#22 SHADE Magazine

SHADE Magazine #23

#24 SHADE Magazine

SHADE Magazine #25

John Boyega
ageyoB nho

The Star Wars actor continued: ‘I need you to understand how painful this sh*t
is. I need you to understand how painful it is to be reminded every day that your
race means nothing and that isn’t the case anymore, that was never the case
anymore.’ The actor added it was important to ‘keep control of this moment’
and make it as ‘peaceful and as organised as possible’: ‘Because they want us to
mess up, they want us to be disorganised but not today.
Boyega, who was moved to tears during his speech, added a message specifically
for black men, saying: ‘Black men we need to take care of our black women.
‘They are our hearts, they are our future, we cannot demonise our own, we are
the pillars of the family.’

#26 SHADE Magazine

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SHADE Magazine #27
‘The ot demo
n ily.’
can am
the f

Black Women Have Con
Been Trailblazers fo
Change.
Why Are They So Often Relegated to the Margins?
When someone says no one cares about Black women and
girls, I tend to reply, “we all we got.” It’s a slight correction to
a sentiment that’s understandable. There is, after all, ample
evidence that much of the world does not have much concern for the well-being of Black women, girls and femmes,
but to say that no one cares fails to acknowledge those who
do, those who work to protect and support them. As Christina
Sharpe, the inimitable author of In The Wake: On Blackness
and Being, reminded me a few weeks ago: Black women, girls
and femmes have always looked out for each other.
In the past, I admit, I too asserted without qualification that
no one cares about us, overlooking historical and contemporary examples of Black women and femmes showing up for
and centering the plight of Black women, girls and femmes.
Even as a Black feminist, I participated in the racist and
sexist practice of erasing Black women’s labor. I said no one
cared because I was angry that far too few people beyond
other Black women and femmes care about our victimization
or the energy we expend struggling against injustice.
Today the undervaluing of the labor and commitment of
those of us who do care and show up for Black girls, women
and femmes looms large. Black women and femmes keep
developing radical ideas about social transformation, wrestling with the ways anti-Blackness manifests in areas such
as the criminal justice system, health care, news media and
popular culture, and tirelessly amplifying the experiences of
Black women, girls and femmes. But even as our ideas are
coopted, our victimization remains on the margins.
Our limited visibility as prominent architects of the burgeoning 2020 uprising and as victims of racial injustice feels all too
familiar and has left me with disconcerting questions: What will it
take for folks to not use our ideas and strategies without crediting
us or centering injustices against us? Should Black women, girls
and femmes give up on expecting anyone other than us to care?
Is solidarity even a meaningful goal if folks continuously fail to cite
our labor and center our marginalization?

#28 SHADE Magazine

The problem we endure is one of constant erasure.
For example, the origins of anti-rape activism in the U.S
largely attributed to feminist activists in the 1970s, date
years. In 1866, a group of African-American women tes
being gang-raped by white men during the Memphis Rio
perpetrators were not punished. After this pioneering m
ican women such as Fannie Barrier Williams and Ida B.
to end sexual violence against Black women and girls. B
groundwork for future generations of anti-rape activists
peak” in anti-rape activism, the strategies and aims of
a broader movement that included the creation of rape

Many of the trailblazing African-American women who d
against sexual violence, however, became mere footnote
record of the enduring struggle to end sexual violence.
it easier for folks in 2017 to overlook Tarana Burke, wh
founded the #MeToo movement in 2006, and to
not identify Aishah Shahidah Simmons’ NO!
The Rape Documentary as a germinal
film about contemporary sexual
violence. It was also unsurprising
that the stories of primarily famous
white women took centerstage in
national debates. Black women’s
work anchors anti-rape activism,
and yet sexual violence against
Black women, girls and femmes
remains under-addressed within the
mainstream anti-rape movement.

History appears to be repeating itself
as calls to #DefundThePolice intensify.
This part of the current racial justice
movement owes a tremendous debt to the
grassroots organizing and scholarship of
Black feminists and other feminists of color
over the past few decades. From Marsha P.
Johnson, Sylvia Rivera and the Street Transvestite
Action Revolutionaries who knew they could not
look to police or prisons to address violence against
queer and trans people to Ruth Wilson Gilmore,
Angela Davis and others forming Critical Resistance
as a grassroots organization striving to dismantle the
prison-industrial complex, the demand to abolish policin
and prisons is hardly new.

nsistently
or Social

S., although
e back more than 150
stified before Congress about
ot. Despite compelling testimony, the
moment in anti-rape activism, African-AmerWells founded and participated in campaigns
Black women in the late 19th century laid the
s. In the 1970s, which many consider the “third
Black women’s anti-rape activism became part of
e crisis centers and college campus activism.

documented, analyzed and fought
es in the historical
. This made
ho

Download
Artivive To
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ng
SHADE Magazine #29

G
U
L
I
T
Y
Derek Chauvin is charged with second
degree murder
#30 SHADE Magazine

Mr Floyd was a regular at Cu
was a friendly face, a pleasant
never caused any trouble, the
Mike Abumayyaleh told
But Mr Abumayyaleh was not a
day of the incident. In reporti
cious bill, his teenage emplo
following protocol. In a call to
20:01, the employee told the
had demanded the cigarettes
[Floyd] doesn’t want to do tha
to a transcript released by a
The employee said the man
“drunk” and “not in control of
transcript says.

up Foods. He
customer who
e store owner
d NBC.
at work on the
ing the suspioyee was just
911, made at
e operator he
s back but “he
at”, according
authorities.
n appeared
f himself”, the

The US has been convulsed by nationwide protests
over the death of an african-american man in police
custody.

George Floyd, 46, died after being arrested by police outside a shop

in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Footage of the arrest on 25 May shows a
white police officer, Derek Chauvin, kneeling on Mr Floyd’s neck while
he was pinned to the floor. Mr Chauvin, 44, has since been charged
with murder. Transcripts of police bodycam footage show Mr Floyd
said more than 20 times he could not breathe as he was restrained
by the officers. The key events that led to Mr Floyd’s death happened
within just 30 minutes. Based on accounts from witnesses, video
footage and official statements, here’s what we know so far. It began
with a report of a fake $20 (£16.20) bill.
A report was made on the evening of 25 May, when Mr Floyd bought
a pack of cigarettes from Cup Foods, a grocery store.
Believing the $20 bill he used to be counterfeit, a store employee reported it to police.
Mr Floyd had been living in Minneapolis for several years after moving
there from his native Houston, Texas. He had recently been working
as a bouncer in the city but, like millions of other Americans, was left
jobless by the coronavirus pandemic.
Shortly after the call, at around 20:08, two
police officers arrived. Mr Floyd was sitting
with two other people in a car parked around
the corner.
After approaching the car, one of the officers,
Thomas Lane, pulled out his gun and ordered
Mr Floyd to show his hands. In an account
of the incident, prosecutors do not explain
why Mr Lane thought it necessary to draw his
gun.
Mr Lane, prosecutors said, “put his hands
on Mr Floyd, and pulled him out of the car”.
Then Mr Floyd “actively resisted being handcuffed”.
Once handcuffed, though, Mr Floyd became
compliant while Mr Lane explained he was
being arrested for “passing counterfeit currency”. Court transcripts from police body
cameras show Mr Floyd appears co-operative
at the beginning of the arrest, repeatedly
apologising to the officers after they approach his parked car.

SHADE Magazine #31

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — The intersection where George Floyd took his final breaths is to be transformed Tuesday into an outdoor festival on the anniversary of his death, with food, children’s activities and a long list of musical performers.

#32 SHADE Magazine

SHADE Magazine #33

Thoughts a

Think of the world today and write down what
really makes you mad about the place we live in
today.

A

Thank you for taking your time to read this magazine

#34 SHADE Magazine

and feelings

Express your
feelings and
remember, you
are not alone.

B

Take a deep breath and pause. close your eyes and
imagine a world where theres no racial abuse, the
police being fair and oppotunities driven by equality.
Write what you feel down about this state
- Do you think we could live in a world like this,
- What changes could be made to achieve this, starting
with yourself

SHADE Magazine #35

SHADE



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