DIAZ MODULE



Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

DISCIPLINES AND IDEAS IN THE APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES

INTRODUCTION
This course introduces some Applied Social Sciences, namely, Counseling, Social Work,
and Communication, which draw their foundation from the theories and principles of Psychology,
Sociology, Anthropology, and other Social Sciences. The course highlights the seamless
interconnectivity of the different applied social science disciplines while focusing on the processes
and applications of these applied disciplines in critical development areas.
At the end of the course, students shall demonstrate competencies in interacting and
relating with other individuals, groups, and communities; apply social sciences principles,
practices, and tools in addressing the development areas identified by the class; and analyze how
processes in these applied disciplines work in specific life situations.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 1: APPLIED SOCIAL
SCIENCES
LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Clarify the relationships between social sciences and applied social sciences
 Cite differences among the applied social sciences

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences (DIASS) subject! Last semester, you
took up Disciplines and Ideas in the Social Sciences (DISS) - a prerequisite for DIASS. Kindly answer
the “Check- Up Activity” to assess your knowledge about the disciplines under Social Sciences.
Task 1: Check- Up Activity
Directions: Whenever you hear the word SOCIAL SCIENCE what comes to your mind? Write
them on the circles!
1.

____________

___________

Social
Science

_________

_____________

2. Disciplines/Branches of Social Sciences
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
______________________________
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! Let us see, if you’re answers are correct.
What is Social science and its disciplines/branches?
Social Science is concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a
society.
In social science, we will understand the relationship of different sets of people to one another.
What are the effects of different beliefs to different races and cultures, the results of such different
cultures when they collide with one another?
Think of your community – your home, barangay, school, and your city, in those you will encounter
different beliefs and personalities how will you handle it if it is different from yours? Social Science
answers that kind of question.
The main social sciences include Economics, Political Science, Human Geography,
Demography,
Sociology, Anthropology, Archaeology, History, Law, and Linguistics. As the term itself
implies, Social Science is very important in our lives as a social being. It is a vast field of study
encompassing everyday matters and studying it will help us not just a better individual but also a
better neighbor and ultimately, a better and productive citizen.
DISCIPLINES OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
1. Economics – science of producing and selling of products.
2. Political Science – science of government and state.
3. Sociology – science of social relationships and social institutions.
4. Jurisprudence – science or philosophy of law.
5. Psychology – study of mind and human behavior.
6. Linguistics – science of language and language structures.
7. Demography – science of the changing structure of human populations.
If you have further questions, feel free to ask teacher!
Task 2: Video Clip Analysis
Great! You know already the definition and branches of Social Sciences. This time, let us discover
the similarities and differences between Social Sciences and Applied Social Sciences. Let us watch the
video clip from Youtube.
Link : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zpxj4QMrA0k
After, watching the video clip, how will you define Applied Social Sciences ?
What are its disciplines? What are the similarities and differences between social sciences and
applied social sciences?

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
Applied Social Science
 is an integrated science cutting across and transcending various social science
disciplines in addressing a wide range of issues in a contemporary, innovative and
dynamic way.
 aims at presenting a well-developed understanding of social systems, social theory and
social policy.
 integrates theory, social research, skills and professional experience, and critical skills
necessary to fully address social phenomena.
 entails using and adapting abstract principles and theory which were derived from
various disciplines under the social sciences in connection with the concrete problems.
Applied Social Science, therefore is a broad field that draws on different social theories and
perspectives and combines theory and practice drawn from social disciplines that highlight the
complexity of social issues.
Applied Social Science Disciplines
1. Counseling
 empowers diverse individuals, families and groups to accomplish mental health,
wellness, education and career goals involves helping people make needed
changes in ways of thinking, feeling and behaving it is a goal based collaborative
process involving a non-judgmental and supportive counselor
2. Social Work
 Helps, aids, and assists people focuses on social change, problem-solving in
human relationships and the empowerment of people to enhance social justice
3. Communication
 focuses on how humans use verbal and non-verbal messages to create meaning in
various texts across cultures using a variety of channels and media.

ASSESSMENT
Give the differences and similarities of social sciences and applied social sciences using the
VENN DIAGRAM.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

Social Sciences

Applied Social Sciences

ASSIGNMENT
“Exit Slip”
Instruction: In a ¼ sheet of paper, continue the statement below regarding the things you
learned from the discussion, things you found to be interesting and the questions you still have
in mind.
3
Things I learned today…
2
Things I found interesting…
1
Question I still have…

REFERENCES
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zpxj4QMrA0k

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the first lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 2: THE DISCIPLINE OF
COUNSELING
LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Define the discipline of counseling
 Identify the goals, scope and core values of counseling
 Demonstrate comprehension of the principles of counseling

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the Discipline of Counseling! But before going to discover in detail the discipline of
Counseling, kindly answer the “Check- Up Activity” to assess your knowledge about the relationship
between Social Science and Applied Social Science.
Task 1: Check- Up Activity
Direction: In one statement, what is the connection between social science and applied social
science.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will unravel the beauty of
Counseling! Get ready! But before discussing the concepts of Counseling, complete the statements
that follow.
1. Counseling is __________________________________________________________________________________________
2. The goals of counseling are __________________________________________________________________________
3. The principles of counseling are ____________________________________________________________________
4. The core values of counseling are ___________________________________________________________________
What is Counseling?
Counseling
 is to give advice to; advise; to recommend; urge the acceptance of (an action, plan etc.); to
give or take advice.
 is as old as society itself. In everyday life, we find counseling goes on at many levels, in a
family set-up, parents counsel their children; in society, doctors counsel patients; lawyers
to clients, and teachers to students.
 According to the American Counseling Association, counseling is defined as, "a
professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to
accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals."
 The Collins Dictionary of Sociology defines counseling as “ the process of guiding a person
during a stage of life when reassessments or decisions have to be made about himself or
herself and his or her life course.”

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
 As a discipline, it is allied to psychology that deals with normal responses to normal life
events which may sometimes create stress for some people who in turn, choose to ask for
help and support.

*Images are taken from the various sites on the internet

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
In general, the goals of counseling are:
1.
Facilitating behavior change;
2.
Improving the client’s ability to establish and maintain relationships;
3.
Enhancing the client’s effectiveness and ability to cope;
4.
Promoting the decision-making process; and 5.
Facilitating client potential and
development.
Task 2: Analyze Me!
Read carefully the situation and follow the instructions as directed.
In the guidance office, Mrs. Crisostomo is sitting in front of Jessica, a second year junior high school
student. The counselor, who is Mrs. Crisostomo listens as Jessica explained all her problems to the
counselor. Below is the list of Jessica’s problems. Can you help Mrs. Crisostomo to identify which
goal of counseling shall she focus more in order to help Jessica?
Instruction: Write the letter of the goal that you think fits to each
number. a.
Facilitating behavior change;
b.
Improving the client’s ability to establish and maintain relationships;
c.
Enhancing the client’s effectiveness and ability to cope;
d.
Promoting the decision-making process; and
e.
Facilitating client potential and development.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

PROBLEM

GOALS

Ex. She is easily annoyed of people.

A

1. She cannot study well because of her
parents constantly fighting and arguing. _______________________________________
2. She does not trust her friends
completely.

_______________________________________

3. She can’t decide whether who to
befriend.

_______________________________________

4. She leaves people whenever she feels
betrayed.

_______________________________________

5. She lacks confidence.

_______________________________________

6. She does not want to study anymore.

_______________________________________

7. She does not feel belonged in their
school.

_______________________________________

8. She is always lonely and aloof.

_______________________________________

9. She hates changes that happen to her.

_______________________________________

10. She can’t decide whether she still
wants to continue being in school.
_______________________________________

SCOPE OF COUNSELING
 It involves the application of some psychological theories and recognized communication
skills.
 It is a professional relationship that requires an eventual closure and termination of the
counselee-counselor relationship.
 It does not deal with clinical cases such as mental illness

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELING
1. LISTENING
Imagine you are trying to tell a story of you ending in a situation you did not want
to a friend and instead listening to you, your friend judged you and gave negative
comments, what would you feel? Bad isn’t it? That is exactly what a counselor
should not do. A counselor DOES NOT give any interpretations and premature
suggestions to deal with the problems of the client. He only listens and

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understands the concerns being presented because most people want and need to be
heard and understood, not advised, right?
2. RESISTANCE
Whenever a change happens to you, do you easily cope with it? Do you easily
accept it? Sometimes, we don’t especially if we are so used to something that
suddenly changes. That is normal. Changing human behavior is not easy. People
change at different rates depending on how prepared they are to the changes.
And because of this, a counselor shall never judge his client’s resistance to change,
but rather he shall keep patient in the coping up process of the client about the
changes.

3. RESPECT
We all see people who are weird, I know you met one too, but others judge and
sometimes laugh at a person because he acts different from the others. Do you
want to be laughed at? Of course not, because everyone is different from one
another. But even so, we shall not judge any individual because he is different. This
trait is also common to counselors. They don’t judge, and they always respect
everyone no matter how different he is from others. This basic element is very
important for the therapy to succeed
4. EMPATHY AND POSITIVE REGARD
Whenever someone listens to us without discrimination and judgment, we feel
loved and respected and it results to EMPATHY. Because the counselor listens
without discrimination, and understands the feelings and perspective of the client,
the counselor gives empathy.

5. CLARIFICATION
This one speaks an attempt by the therapist to clarify what the client either is
saying, feeling, or expressing so the client may learn something or better yet
understand his issues better. REMEMBER that therapist only help the clients to
solve their problem, on their own. Confrontation and interpretation are also part
of this principle but they are more advanced principles and we won’t go into them
except to mention their existence.
6. TRANSFERENCE
To whom do you easily open up share your secrets and deepest wants? I know
you share that to a person so close to you, a person who will not judge you, right?
This is also applied by counselors in therapy sessions. Transference is the act
wherein the counselor pretends or projects like your most trusted person so you
will easily open up your problems. It helps you make the listening and sharing of
problems easier.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
7. COUNTERTRANSFERENCE
It is the reaction and emotions of the counselor towards other people important in
his life applied to the client to make the process friendlier. These two makes the
relationship of the counselor and the client much stable making the healing
process easier.
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!
CORE VALUES OF COUNSELING
1. Respect for human dignity
 The counselor must provide a client unconditional positive regard, compassion,
nonjudgmental attitude, empathy and trust.
2. Partnership
 A counselor has to foster partnerships with the various disciplines that come together to
support an integrated healing that encompasses various aspects such as the physical,
emotional, spiritual, and intellectual.
 These relationships should be of integrity, sensitivity and openness to ensure health,
healing, and growth of clients.
3. Autonomy
 This entails respect for confidentiality and trust in a relationship of counseling and
ensuring a safe environment that is needed for healing.
 It also means that healing or any advice cannot be imposed on a client.
4. Responsible Caring
 Respecting the potential of every human being to change and to continue learning
throughout his/her life
5. Personal Integrity
 Counselors must reflect personal integrity, honesty, truthfulness with clients.
6. Social Justice
 This means accepting and respecting the diversity of the clients, the diversity of
individuals – their cultures, languages, lifestyles, identities, ideologies, intellectual
capacities, personalities, and capabilities regardless of the presented issues.

ASSESSMENT
Hurray! Now that we are almost through with our lesson, let’s go and do some more.
Part I. This activity will require you to think harder. Make a scenario with a therapist and a client
performing each principle. Construct a scenario for each with a maximum of 10 sentences each.
Put each act or scenario on the boxes below.
Here’s a sample!

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LISTENING
Counselor: Ok, tell me your problems and I will listen to you.
Client: My parents are fighting always…
Counselor: Ok, continue…
Client: And it hurts me…
Counselor: and what do you do about it?

Begin here!
1. RESISTANCE

2. RESPECT

3. CLARIFICATION

4. EMPATHY

Part II. Based on what you learned as the goals and scope of counseling analyze each situation and
put a check mark (/) if it is reasonably within a counselor’s jurisdiction and put a cross mark (x)
is it is not. Justify your answers using what you learned in this lesson.
________ 1. Katy feels insecure and an outcast in school because she thinks her classmates talk
negatively about her.
________ 2. Mike needs to raise funds for his college tuition next year.
________ 3. Bobby thinks he is addicted to video games and wants to control it to become more
productive with his school work.
________ 4. Rita is overly scared with men because of a traumatic experience she had as a little girl.
She witnessed how three men robbed and stabbed her father to death.
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
________ 5. John is overly jealous when it comes to the friends of his girlfriend. He cannot seem to
accept the fact that his girlfriend enjoys very much the company of others.

ASSIGNMENT
“Exit Slip”
Instruction: In a ¼ sheet of paper, continue the statement below regarding the things you
learned from the discussion, things you found to be interesting and the questions you still have
in mind.
3
Things I learned today…
2
Things I found Interesting…
1
Question I still have…

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the second lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 3: PROFESSIONALS AND
COUNSELING

PRACTITIONERS IN

LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Show understanding of the roles and functions of counselors
 Identify career opportunities for counselors

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of the Professionals and Practitioners in Counseling! But before going to
discover in detail the discipline of Counseling, Kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your
understanding of the scope, principle and core values of counseling.

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
Direction: Supply the graphic organizer below with keywords related to the topic and provide
an explanation to it.
•_______

•__________

Goals of
Counseling

Principles
of
Counseling

Core
Values of
Counseling

Scope of
Counseling

•____________

•____________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Professionals and Practitioners of Counseling!
But before discussing the concepts of Counseling, complete the statements that follow.
1. For me the functions of counselors are ______________________________________.
2. The career opportunities of counselors are _________________________________________ .

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
The Philippine Republic Act No. 9258 (Sec. 2-3) defines a guidance counselor as a natural
person who has professionally registered and licensed by a legitimate state entity and by
virtue of specialized training to perform the functions of guidance counseling.

GUIDANCE COUNSELOR’S FUNCTIONS
 Helping a client develop potentials to the fullest;
 Helping a client plan to utilize his or her potentials to the fullest;
 Helping a client plan his or her future in accordance with his or her abilities,
interests and needs;
 Sharing and applying knowledge related to counseling such as counseling theories,
tools and techniques;
 Administering a wide range of human development services







ROLES OF COUNSELORS
Assist the person or persons (clients) in realizing a change in behavior or attitude
Assist them to seek achievement of goals
Assist them to find help
Teaching of social skills, effective communication, spiritual guidance,
decisionmaking and career choices
Aiding one in coping a crisis (premarital and marital counseling, grief and loss,
domestic violence and other types of abuse)

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
CAREER OPPORTUNITIES FOR COUNSELORS
1. Army Mental Health Specialists

In war movies we always see situations in which a soldier cries and it is heart-breaking. Such
situations happen in real life, not just in movies, especially now that the world is experiencing
wars between countries having different conflicts. Army Mental Health Specialists are
counselors which deals with different problems that a soldier faces inside and outside army
bases such as treating veterans returning from overseas, assisting soldiers currently involved
in a combat who are experiencing any trauma brought by war and helping those who have
difficulties in adjusting in Military operations.
2. Child Counselors
As our world advances, children are directly affected. Many become violent
and less communicative because of video games and other virtual activities.
Children who do not receive help and experience abuses can develop more
serious problems when they become adults. Families raising children with
emotional problems also experience severe stress. Child counselors work
with children and families to correct behavioral and emotional problems.
3. Community Counselors
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We sometimes see homeless and beggars in public places. This is one of the
many problems of our society today. Community Counselors help our
community by helping these kinds of people. They make sure that they
become better individuals. They also try to help others by helping them to go
to hospitals because some of them are mentally ill who needs treatment.
Community Counselors also help the government to diminish the poverty
problems of the country.
4. Rehabititation Counselors
Rehabilitation counselors work exclusively with people recovering from
serious injuries or those struggling with permanent disabilities. They often
organize rehabilitation or disability management programs for their clients
to follow. Rehabilitation Counselors also provide treatment to those
experiencing difficulty in coping with their disability. These counselors are
often seen in hospitals helping people who survived car crashes or been in a
vehicular accidents
5. Career Counselors
Not finding a job after college is devastating. Imagine yourself having no job,
what would you feel? Career Counselors then become our heroes. Massive
unemployment and little to no job growth creates many problems for people
seeking employment. Many remain unemployed for up to a year or more.
Career counselors work individually with people to improve resumes,
discover hard to find job opportunities, and provide counseling for those
struggling with depression resulting from job loss.
6. Educational and school counselors
They offer personal, educational, social and academic counseling services.
The professionals often work in elementary, high school, or university
settings to help students assess their abilities and resolve personal or social
problems and do so in tandem with teachers and school administrators.

ASSESSMENT
Part I. Write the correct specific work area for the following. Identify which type of counselor is
needed by the patients which situations are written below. Write the answers on the space
provided. Good luck!
TYPE OF COUNSELOR
Child Counselor
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________

SITUATION OF CLIENT
1. Marissa, 12 years of age forced to do labor in her uncle’s factory.
2. Both legs of Johnny crushed in an accident in Cebu.
3. Jasmin is experiencing stress from her work.
4. Robert bullied by his classmates in school.
5. Christian being unable to sleep, afraid of revisiting the death of his
comrade.
6. Lost his legs from accident, Jopet cries every night.
7. Experiencing trauma from gunshots, Jake hears loud gunshots in his head.
8. Leslie is too afraid of older men because of being abused by his father.
9. Mitchell is suffering from polio.
10. Susanna is planning to conduct a seminar about fish dealing for the
community.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
Part II. In three sentences, give the the roles and functions of counselors.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT
“Exit Slip”
Instruction: In a ¼ sheet of paper, continue the statement below.
BEING A COUNSELOR IS NOT AN EASY TASK BECAUSE …
_______________________________________________________________

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the third lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

LESSON 4: CODE OF ETHICS OF
COUNSELORS

LESSON OBJECTIVES



Identify the code of ethics of counselors
Distinguish between ethical and unethical behaviors among counselors

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the Code of Ethics of Counselors! But before going to discover it in detail, kindly
answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the different career opportunities
of Counselors.

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
Hi! Isn’t it another wonderful day to learn? I hope we learn new things about counseling. Let’s
start with our review! Give the 5 given career opportunities of our previous discussion.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know more
of the Code of Ethics of Counselors! But before discussing the code of ethics of ethics of counselors,
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
supply the graphic organizer with key words that you would associate when you hear the word,
Code of Ethics of Counselors.

____________

___________

Code of
Ethics of
Counselors

_________

_____________

CODE OF ETHICS

Section A: The Counseling Relationship
1.
Each professional counselor has an enormous responsibility to uphold the public
trust and must seek high levels of training, education, and supervision in the ethical
application of counseling practices, in particular because counselors often practice behind
closed doors with little oversight.
2.
Counselors must wait five years after the counselor-client relationship has ended
before engaging in any romantic or sexual relationships with a client, a client’s family
members, or a client’s romantic partner.
Section B: The Counseling Relationship
Section B is provides for confidentiality in the relationship of the counselor and the counselee, 1. Be
respectful of differing views and inform clients with whom, when, and how information will
be shared.
2.
Maintain confidentiality of deceased clients as is consistent with legal requirements
and policies.
3.
Take precautions to ensure confidentiality when using technologies such as
computers, electronic mail, or voicemail.
4.
Inform parents and legal guardians of the confidential nature of the counseling
relationship as well as establish a working relationship with them in order to better serve
clients.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
Section C: Professional Relationship
1.
Be alert to signs of personal impairment and refrain from providing or offering
services if the impairment could potentially harm a client.
2.
Assist supervisors or colleagues in recognizing impairment and if necessary, provide
assistance, intervention, or consultation.
3.
Designate a specific colleague or “record custodian” and create a proper plan for the
client transfer in the case of incapacitation, termination of practice, or death.
Section D: Relationships with Other Professionals
1. Become knowledgeable to develop positive working relationships and communication
systems.
2. Be respectful of differing approaches to counseling services as well as the traditions and
practices of other professional groups.
3. Work to develop and strengthen relations with interdisciplinary colleagues.
Section E: Evaluation, Assessment, and Interpretation
1. Take into account cultural, social and personal factors when making assessments.
2. Be aware of social and historical prejudices in the pathologizing and misdiagnosis of
specific individuals and groups, and be cognizant of the role of mental health
professionals in the continuation of these problems.
3. Generate objective findings that are supported by appropriate techniques and
information when conducting forensic evaluations.
Section F: Supervision, Training, and Teaching
1. Foster professional relationships and create appropriate boundaries with students.
2. Be accurate, honest, and fair during the training and assessment of students.

Section G: Research and Publication
1. Take the appropriate steps to destroy any documents or records that contain confidential
data or may identify research participants within a reasonable period of time after the
completion of a research study or project.
2. Do not plagiarize or present another person’s work as your own.
3. When reviewing documents in a professional capacity, counselors should make valid
publication decisions, review materials in a timely manner, avoid biases, and only evaluate
documents that fall within one’s field of competency.
Section H: Resolving Ethical Issues
1.
If there is a conflict between ethical responsibilities and laws, professional counselors
should make known their commitment to the Code of Ethics and work to alleviate the conflict.
2.
Counselors may follow legal requirements or regulations if the ethical cannot be
resolved in this manner.
3.
Seek out further action such as referring to voluntary national certification bodies,
state or national ethics committees, state licensing boards, or any suitable institutional
authorities when informal resolution is not appropriate or the issue is not properly resolved.
4.
Do not deny a person’s advancement, admission to academic programs, employment,
promotion, or tenure based only upon their having made an ethics complaint nor their being
the subject of an ethics complaint.
If you have other questions and queries, feel free to ask teacher!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

ASSESSMENT
Instructions: Read the statements that follow and write T if the statement is true and F, if false.
Write the answers on the space provided. Good luck!
_____ 1. Do not foster professional relationships and create appropriate boundaries with students.
_____ 2. Be aware of only historical prejudices in the pathologizing and misdiagnosis of specific
individuals and groups, and be cognizant of the role of mental health professionals in the
continuation of these problems.
_____ 3. Plagiarize or present another person’s work as your own.
_____ 4. Counselors may not follow legal requirements or regulations if the ethical cannot be
resolved in this manner.
_____ 5. Work not to develop and strengthen relations with interdisciplinary colleagues.
_____ 6. Be inaccurate, honest, and fair during the training and assessment of students.
_____ 7. Counselors must wait three years after the counselor-client relationship has ended before
engaging in any romantic or sexual relationships with a client, a client’s family members, or
a client’s romantic partner.
_____ 8. Take into account only social and personal factors when making assessments.
_____ 9. Be disrespectful of differing approaches to counseling services as well as the traditions and
practices of other professional groups.
_____ 10. Inform parents and legal guardians of the confidential nature of the counseling relationship
as well as establish a working relationship with them in order to better serve clients.

ASSIGNMENT
“Exit Slip”
“If I Were A Counselor”
Instruction: In 100 words, answer the following question below.
If you were a counselor and you come to a point that you may need to violate the code in order to save
your client, will you violate it? Why or why not?

REFERENCES



Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex
Book Store, Inc.
https://www.washington.edu/counseling/about/scope/goals S.K. Kochhar, Guidance and
Counseling in Colleges and Universities
Deca-Mendoza, Guidance and Counseling Today

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the fourth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 5: CLIENTELE AND
AUDIENCES IN COUNSELING

LESSON OBJECTIVES



Describe the clientele and audience of counseling
Explain the various types of clientele and audiences in counseling

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of Clientele and Audiences in Counseling! But before going to discover it in
detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of code of ethics of
counselors.

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
Let us first have a short recap of what we learned on our previous topic. Enlist the 8 sections of
Counselor’s Code of Ethics on the blanks provided. Go!
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Clientele and Audiences of Counseling!
Now that we are now familiar with counselors – what they do, their rights, obligations, and
accountabilities, let us now get to know the clients or counselees that counselors cure and work with to
be better individuals.
In this lesson, we will be learning the 3 types of clientele and audiences in counseling and they
are following:
1. Individual Counseling
 This is the most common scenario that we see in movies or read in books. You maybe even
one watched one that has this scene. Individual therapy is also known as psychotherapy or
counseling.
 This is a process of a client interacting one-on-one with a trained therapist in a safe, caring,
and confidential environment to explore their feelings, beliefs, and behaviors.
 They work through challenging or influential memories, identify the aspect of life that the
client wants to change. These makes the client better understand himself and others,
establish personal goals, and achieve his desired change.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
2. Group Counseling
 This type of clientele is especially helpful for people who have concerns about their
relationships. This can also be known as “Group Sharing”.
 Group members share their experiences about loneliness or isolation, shyness, dependence
in relationships, superficial relationships and/or a lack of intimacy, frequent disagreements
with others, discomfort in social situations, difficulty trusting others, being easily hurt or
offended, needing a lot of reassurance from others, and fear of being left or abandoned. The
group is usually accompanied by two counselors to help them with regards to their said
experiences and how to overcome it.
3. Community Counseling
 Community counseling services take a wide variety of forms, and that means they may very
well transcend the typical private practice or “doctor’s office” feeling that many people
wrongly associate with the profession. While a large number of community counseling
centers are set up in this way, a large number of community services are offered on location,
or in existing health centers with a slightly different focus than the traditional hospital.
 Community clientele are the people in the community that needs counseling. Just as what
Sienn says, there are common venues for this clientele where counselrs are available and
ready to help!

ASSESSMENT
Alright! We are done with understanding the clientele and audiences of counseling. Sure, it is fun
knowing that we learn everyday so let us add more, shall we? In this activity, you will need to identify
the kind of clientele being described.
Write I if it is individual counseling,
G for group and;
C for community
_________ 1. A couple of drug addicted youth.
_________ 2. Diego, in the Piitan ng Lungsod ng Laguna _________
3. Edna and Jun, retirees of CELCOR.
_________ 4. A couple of students being counseled by guidance counselor.
_________ 5. Jenna, a businesswoman being counseled for her business.
_________ 6. Bullied student, Sheila.
_________ 7. Farmers are being taught on how to improve their products.
_________ 8. Joana’s son is suffering from mental disorder.
_________ 9. Kenneth and Darwin are opening up to their groupmates about being alcoholic.
_________ 10. Kimberly is suffering from depression.

ASSIGNMENT
“Being A Counselor”
Instruction: In fifty (50) words, answer the following question below.
If you will be a counselor, what kind of clientele will you be most likely serving and why?

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the sixth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

COUNSELING
LESSON 6: COUNSELING SERVICES,
PROCESSES AND METHODS

LESSON OBJECTIVE
 Illustrate the different processes and methods involved in undertaking counseling

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of Counseling Services, Processes and Methods! But before going to discover it in
detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the clientele and
audiences of counseling

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
Hey there again explorers! It is wonderful to know that you are learning in this subject, and today
we will learn something new! Are you excited? But before that, let us first have a short recap of
what we learned on our previous topic. Write the clientele and audiences of counseling on the
blanks provided. Go!
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Counseling Services, Processes and Methods!
FOUR STAGES OF COUNSELING PROCESS
1. Identify the Need for Counseling
Before we start doing something we shall always have our goal and purpose for
what we do. This applies as well to counseling. Before a counselor starts
working with his counselee, he has to identify first the need for counseling his
client, otherwise the counseling will not work. In this stage, the counselor must
first identify the problem, difficulty, or struggle of the counselee to things that
bother him. Some of the examples of the problems are anxiety, stress, job loss,
rehabilitation etc. After identifying the problem, the counselor may move on to
the next stage.
2. Prepare the Counseling.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
After successfully achieving the first stage, the counselor may now enter the
second phase which is all about preparing and planning. In every course of
action, a person shall be prepared and has plans otherwise he will have higher
chances of failing in his task. This also applies in counseling. The counselor
must first plan his actions for the entire course of counseling. After planning
he must prepare all the materials that he needs for the counseling. He must
also prepare himself and the client for the entire counseling to succeed. After
preparing and careful planning the counselor can now move on to the next
stage.

3. Conduct Counseling
This is the stage of counseling that is considered to be the heart of the
entire process. In this stage, the counselor now applies his action plan and
his entire preparation. Of course, we all know that there are different kinds
of people, right? And because of that the counselors use different methods
and techniques to help himself and the client to perform the counseling in
the easiest, friendliest, and most open process for the therapy to be
successful.

4. Follow Up
Being it a process to improvement, there is always a need to record the
progress. Why do we need to record the progress of the client? Follow up
means recording the progress and ensuring that failure never exist in the
entire course of counseling. Another reason for follow up is for the counselor
to know whether or not he can help his client or there is a need to transfer
his client to another.

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
BASIC COUNSELING APPROACHES
1. Psychoanalytic Therapy
 Approach developed by Sigmund Freud
 Psychoanalysis is based on Freud’s explanation that human beings are basically
determined by psychic energy and early experiences. These unconscious energy and
experiences drive people’s behavior in the form of unconscious motives and conflicts.
 The goal of the therapist is to help the client become conscious of this energy and
early experiences and thereby become empowered and harness both positively.
2. Adlerian Therapy
 Developed by Alfred Adler (1870-1937)
 This approach is built on the belief that an individual person is greatly influenced by
his/her past and is primarily motivated by social urges.
3. Person-Centered Therapy
 Originated from Carl Rogers
 Non-directive and focused on the client’s self-discovery rather than input
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
 The emphasis is on the person and his potentials while the problem comes
secondary only
4. Gestalt Therapy
 Developed by Frederick Perls
 Encourages clients to confront and experience their feelings rather than simply talk
about them
 Involves recognizing and letting go, accompanied by actions like breaking a glass or
hitting something hard
5. Behavior Therapy
 This approach targets overt behavior by specifying treatment goals and making
developing specific treatment plans
6. Rational-Emotive Therapy
 Developed by Albert Ellis ( 1913-2007)
 A form of cognitively-oriented behavior therapy and is based on the assumption that
human beings are being born with a potential for both rational and irrational
thinking.
7. Reality Therapy
 Founded by William Glasser (1925-2013)
 Focuses on the client’s present circumstances and highlights his/her strengths that
can be used to target realistic changes in behavior and thus achieve success

ASSESSMENT
Illustrate the 4 stages of counseling process by doing a plan. Below are 4 boxes, each has its own
name. Fill out the box by answering the question on it. Give 5 statements for each box. The results
will be your own course of action for Carl, a kid suffering from a broken family. Good luck!

Step 1. How will you get to know Carl as
his counselor? What will you ask him?
Answer:
1. I will tell him to introduce himself to
me.
2.
3. 4.
5.

Step 2. What will be your plan on
helping Carl about coping up with his
broken family?
Answer:
1.
I will
research on broken
family set ups.
2.
3. 4.
5.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

Step 3. How will you conduct your plan
and apply it to counseling?
Answer:

Step 4. Do you think you helped Carl? How
long do you think will it take for Carl to
fully cope up with his broken family?
Answer:

1. I will tell Carl that his situation is
happening in many children his age.
2.
3. 4.
5.

1. I will record his progress.
2.
3. 4.
5.

ASSIGNMENT
Instruction: Kindly answer the following questions.
1.
What do you think is the most crucial stage in the counseling process?

2.
What do you think will happen to a client if there is no process in counseling?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the sixth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

LESSON 7: THE DISCIPLINE OF
SOCIAL WORK

LESSON OBJECTIVE




Define the discipline of social work
Identify the goals, scope and core values of social work
Demonstrate comprehension of the principles of social work

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the Discipline of Social Work! But before going to discover it in detail, kindly answer the
“Check -Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the processes of Counseling.

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
Explorer! How are you? Today is a good one to learn something new, right? Therefore, let us do it!
Let us start by writing down on these blank spaces the four stages of counseling process. Go! Go!
Go!
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Discipline of Social Work!






SOCIAL WORK
The social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships
and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being.
Utilizing theories of human behavior and social systems, social work intervenes at the
points where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights and social
justice are fundamental to social work.
The aim of social work is to help individuals fit better into their environment and change
the environment so that it works better for them.

HISTORY OF SOCIAL WORK
1. Charity Organization Societies in 1877
 Its aim is to discover the causes of poverty among individuals, eliminate the causes and
eliminate poverty from society
2. Settlement Movement which began in 1887
 The settlement movement operated on the assumption that an individual’s well-being
was directly linked to his/her external surroundings
The context of social work is a place that requires professionals to direct their service on the needs
and empowerment of people who experience some forms of vulnerability, oppression and living in
poverty.

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
GOALS AND SCOPE OF SOCIAL WORK
 Empower people, individually and collectively to utilize their problem solving and
coping capabilities more effectively.
 Support a proactive position with regard to social and economic policy development to
prevent problems for individuals and society form occurring.
 Uphold the integrity of the profession in all aspects of social work practice.
 Establish linkages between people and societal resources to further social functioning
and enhance the quality of life.
 Develop cooperative networks within the institutional resources system.
 Facilitate the responsiveness of the institutional resources systems to meet health and
human service needs.
 Promote social justice and equality among people with regard to full participation in
society.
 Contribute to the development of knowledge for social work profession through
research and evaluation
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
 Encourage exchange of information in those institutional systems in which problems
and resources opportunities are produced
 Enhance communication through an appreciation of diversity and through ethnically
sensitive, non-sexist social work practice.
 Employ educational strategies for the prevention and resolution of problems 
Embrace a world view of human issues and solutions to problems.
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL WORK
Policy, Ethics, and Human Rights committee of the British Association of Social
Workers (2012)
Principles relative to respect for Human Rights 1.
Upholding and promoting human dignity and well-being.
2. Respecting the right to self-determination.
3. Promoting the right to participation.
4. Creating each person as a whole.
5. Identifying and developing strengths.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Principles relative to Social Justice
Challenging discrimination.
Recognizing diversity.
Distributing resources.
Challenging unjust policies and practices.
Working in solidarity.

Principles Relative to Professional Integrity 1.
Upholding the values and reputation of the profession.
2. Being trustworthy.
3. Maintaining professional boundaries.
4. Making considered professional judgments.
5. Being professionally accountable.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

CORE VALUES OF SOCIAL WORK
Compassion
Service
Social Justice
Dignity and Worth of the Person
Importance of human relationships
Integrity
Competence

ASSESSMENT
Answer the following questions as directed.
1. Write your own definition of social work.
2. Briefly describe the goals and scope of social work
3. Fill out the chart below with at least three principles of social work relative to the different
principles.

Principles of Social Work

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

Respect for Human Rights
1. 2.
3.

Social Justice
1. 2.
3.

Professional Integrity
1. 2.
3.

4. Discuss each of the following core values in terms of how they influence a professional
social worker.
a. Social Justice
b. Integrity
c. Competence

ASSIGNMENT
Instruction: Kindly answer the following questions.
1. Among the goals of social work, which do you think is the goal that you frequently do as a
student? Why?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Where do you often see social workers and what they do when you see them?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the seventh lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 8: PROFESSIONALS AND
PRACTITIONERS OF SOCIAL WORK

LESSON OBJECTIVE
 Show understanding of the roles and functions of social workers
 Identify specific work areas in which social workers work

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of the Professionals and Practitioners in Social Work! But before going to
discover it in detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the
discipline of social work.

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
Direction: Supply the graphic organizer below with keywords related to the topic and provide an
explanation to it.

•_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________

•________________

_____________
_____________
_____________
Goals of
Social Work

Principles of
Social Work

Core Values
of Social
Work

Scope of
Social Work

•____________
_____________
_____________
_____________

• _______
__________
__________
__________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Professionals and Practitioners in Social Work!
But before discussing the concepts of Counseling, complete the statements that follow.
1. For me the functions of social workers are ______________________________________.
2. The career opportunities of social workers are _________________________________________

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

THE ROLES AND FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL WORKERS
 We all know the values, the principles of social workers. The concept of the social
work is now concrete in our understanding. So, since we already are familiar with
them, let us get to know the things and stuff that they do.
 Social workers, some would say are superheroes. I know, you also asked why they
are called one. They don’t have capes, no extravagant costumes, and superpowers,
but even though they have none, they are still because of the things that they to help
the people that are in need. Here is the list of their roles and functions to children, to
adults, to families, and ultimately to the nation.
1. Social workers use a distinctive range of legal and social work knowledge and skills
to help people to make changes in their lives and get the outcomes needed. Some of
our social workers are lawmakers. They are consistently working on different laws that
benefit their clients.
2. They are uniquely skilled in accessing a wide range of practical and emotional support and
services to meet individuals’ needs and aspirations. Just like on how we discuss in our
previous lessons, social workers never treated their clients the same. The principle of
individuality.
3. They are a collaborative profession, working alongside other professionals but taking
the lead in helping children, adults and families improve and gain control of their
lives when their safety or ability to participate in their communities is restricted. As
professionals, social workers will need as well the help that can be guaranteed by other
professionals in order to make the effect of change wide-ranging.
4. They have a lead role in safeguarding people who may be socially excluded, at risk of
abuse or neglect, or who become vulnerable for other reasons. They balance support
and protection/ safeguarding roles carefully and in keeping with the specific needs
and circumstances of the person or family, taking protective action as needed and
within the context of legal roles and frameworks. Of course, in our society, we are never
equal. That is a fundamental fact that is why our social workers do their best in order for
social justice to materialize. They make sure that everyone in society gets a fair share of
political, economic, and social rights and privileges.
5. They are educated and trained to engage with people whose age, mental incapacity or
ill-health constrains their ability to protect themselves or others. Social workers work
wonders. They can communicate with everyone. They can talk and make necessary changes
to people that may appeal to have no chance of changing. Social workers work for
everybody, the fixed and the broken.
6. In adult social care, they endorse and act in accordance with the principles of
personalization, ensuring that care and support are person-centered and as far as
possible put the people with whom they work in control of their lives. It is not always
the children who are in need of attention and care. Oftentimes, we forgot that even adults
feel pain and discomfort. Therefore, social workers also give them focus.
7. In children’s social care they maintain a focus on the child, ensuring that the child is
safe and well, that families are helped to change where necessary, and that required
outcomes are achieved.
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
Some of the Workplaces of Social Workers

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

ASSESSMENT
Applying your learning from what you have read on the roles and functions of functions
compose an essay of 300 words about the most recent societal or social problem and indicate the
way in which how social work can help solve the problem of your chosen societal issue.
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT
Choose three roles and functions that you think are the hardest to perform and explain why you
think so. Good luck!
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENC
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the eighth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

Page 34 of 61



Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 9: CODE OF ETHICS OF
SOCIAL WORKERS

LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Identify the code of ethics of social workers
 Distinguish between ethical and unethical behaviors among social workers

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the Code of Ethics of Social Workers! But before going to discover it in detail, kindly
answer the “Check -Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the different career opportunities
of social workers.

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
Hi! Isn’t it another wonderful day to learn? I hope we learn new things about social workers. Let’s
start with our review! Give the 5 given career opportunities of our previous discussion.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to kno
more of the Code of Ethics of Social Workers!
But before discussing the code of ethics of ethics of counselors, supply the graphic organizer
with key words that you would associate when you hear the word, Code of Ethics of Social Workers.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

____________

___________

Code of
Ethics of
Social
Workers

_________

_____________

GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
The following guidelines for professional conduct reflect the code of ethics. It consists of
ethical specifics in the professional conduct of social workers culled from the Code of Professional
Conduct and Ethics for Social Workers devised by the Social Workers Registration Board (SWRB) at
CORU (2011) and the Ethics in Social Work Statement of Principles by the International Federation
of Social Workers (IFSW) (2004).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

20.

Social workers are expected to uphold human right in their practice.
Social workers should respect the rights and dignity of people.
Social workers should respect relationships of people who use their services.
Social workers should promote social justice.
Social workers should comply with the laws and regulations governing their practice.
Social workers should carry out their duties professionally and ethically.
Social workers should demonstrate ethical awareness.
Social workers should demonstrate professional accountability.
Social workers should act in the best interest of people who use their services.
Social workers should communicate with people who use their services, careers and
professionals.
Social workers should seek informed consent of people who use their services.
Social workers should keep accurate records.
Social workers should deal appropriately with health and safety risks.
Social workers should willingly collaborate, delegate and manage appropriately.
Social workers should undertake research ethically.
Social workers should maintain high standards of personal conduct.
Social workers should act with integrity.
Social workers should provide accurate information about their conduct and
competence.
Social workers should provide accurate information about people who use their
services as confidential except in situations that call for greater ethical requirement
such as preservation of life.
Social workers should act within their limits of their professional knowledge, skills and
experience.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
21. Social workers should keep their professional knowledge and skills up to date so that
they are able to provide appropriate services.
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!

ASSESSMENT
Great! Ethical behaviors encompass the maintenance of ethical conduct with respect to race,
ethnicity, national origin, color, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, age, marital status,
political belief, religion, immigration status, and mental or physical disability. What happens when
ethical codes are not observed? Is it an unethical behavior? Will you compare ethical from unethical
behavior of social work practitioner? Write your insight in five to eight sentences. Ready? Let’s start!
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT
Instruction:
In 4 - 6 sentences, how can social work practitioner review and resolve ethical matters in his work.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the ninth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

Page 37 of 61



Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 10: CLIENTELE AND
AUDIENCES IN SOCIAL WORK

LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Describe the clientele and audience of social work
 Explain the various types of clientele and audiences in social work

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of Clientele and Audiences in Social Work! But before going to discover it in
detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of code of ethics of
social workers.
Check- Up Activity
You did a good job in the previous session. Let us have a review. Interpret the concept map
below. Limit your answer into four sentences only.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Clientele and Audiences in Social Work!
Characteristics of Clientele and Audiences of Social Work
 All people with various concerns share characteristic qualities of the clientele and
audience of social work: individuals, families, groups, and communities experiencing
being left out or having personal problems like loss of job, getting sick especially
becoming terminally ill, all those deserving of social welfare benefits and so on.
 Being a minority, a migrant, a divorced woman, neglected child, sexually, physically
or mentally abused child, suffering discrimination of any kind characterize one as
clientele and audience of social work.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
The Individual as Client of Social Work
 The individual level is generally work on an individual who has to be assisted to fit in
a larger environment or someone who has been deprived space by the larger
environment calling for change in the very environment or simply improving one’s
ability to cope with it.
The Group and Organization as Client of Social Work
 Groups are people existing with similar or common identity. Gay men and lesbians,
migrants, women, abused or neglected children, elderly, pensioners, veterans,
military service men and women, people in conflict with the law, unemployed,
people with substance abuse and addiction represent groups that social work may
focus its services on.
 We classify them as groups because they form collectives in terms of level of
services they have to receive.
The Community as Client of Social Work
 Community has the largest share in the clientele and audience of social work
because individuals and families are essentially members of the community.
 A community may exist as a marginalized sector, and in which case, the social work
services may gear toward their emancipation and empowerment
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!

ASSESSMENT
You did a good job! Now are you had to differentiate how social work can help the different types of
clientele’s need? I know you have the heart of a social worker. Ready? Let’s go and write!
Individual

Group

Community

ASSIGNMENT
It was fun, isn’t it?! Would you like to write more? I know you love to write more, but we’ll have more of
that in the coming days. Now, let’s us have a challenge.
1. Give two possible reasons why you need to understand the social work needs.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. If you are a social worker, how will you help elderly who were abandoned by family members?
Please limit your answer to four sentences.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the tenth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!
Page 39 of 61



Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 11: SOCIAL WORK SERVICES,
PROCESSES AND METHODS

LESSON OBJECTIVE


Illustrate the different processes and methods involved in undertaking social work

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of Social Work Services, Processes and Methods! But before going to
discover it in detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the
clientele and audiences of Social Work
Check- Up Activity
Hello there! It is nice to start today’s activity with a smile. Now let us have a review. Ready?
Interpret the concept map. Three to four sentences will suffice your answer.
Social Work Needs

Individual

Groups

Communities

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Counseling Services, Processes and Methods!
All social work activities are classified into six major categories. Let us know what these are.
1. Social Case Work
 It is a method which helps by counseling the individual client to affect better
social relationships and social adjustment.
 The objective of case work is to administer practical services and offer
counseling in such a way as to arouse and conserve psychological energies of the
client activity to involve in the use of the service towards the solution to a
dilemma.
2. Social Group Work
 It is an activity which helps to participate in the activities of a group for their
intellectual, emotional and physical growth and for the attainment of desirable
goals of the group.
 Group work as such as a method by which the group worker enables various
types of groups to function in such a manner that both group interaction and
program activities contribute to the growth of the individual and program

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
activities contribute to the growth of the individual and the achievement of
desirable social goals.
3. Community Organization
 This is a process of planning and developing social services in order to meet the
health and welfare needs of a community or larger unit. Mildred Barry says,
“Community organization in social work is the process of creating and maintaining
a progressively more effective adjustment between community resources and
community welfare needs.”
4. Social Action
 It is an organized group process solving general social problems and furthering
social welfare objectives by legislative, social, health or economic progress.
 The term social action refers to organized and legally permitted activities
designed to mobiles public opinion, legislation and public administration in
favor of objectives believed to be socially desirable.
5. Social Welfare Research
 Social welfare research systematic critically investigation of questions in the
social welfare field with the purpose of yielding answers to problems of social
work and of extending generally social work concept.
6. Social Welfare Administration
 It is a process to organize and to direct a social agency.
 The administrative aspects of social work have to do with the organization and
management of social agencies public and private, including general
administrative relationships among units of same organization, personal
problems, and questions of finance and so on.
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!

ASSESSMENT
After defining the different methods of social work, I know you are excited to the next
activity! Shall we start? Ready?
Assuming that you are assigned in a social group work, how can you handle the following
situations?
1. Can you live without depending anybody? _______________________________________________________ 2.
What do you feel when you are always alone? ___________________________________________________
3. How do you feel when you complete a task with the support of a group?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Can you list out successful group initiatives in the modern times?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Can you take a decision in the group without consulting other
members?_________________________________________________________________________ ___________________
6. How can you form a group?
________________________________________________________________________
7. What do you think are the physical arrangements needed for a group work?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT
Instruction: Kindly answer the question below.
If you are to become a social work practitioner, what method of social work will you be effective?
Justify your answer.
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the eleventh lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

LESSON 12: THE DISCIPLINE OF
COMMUNICATION

LESSON OBJECTIVES




Define the discipline of communication
Identify the goals, and scope of communication
Demonstrate comprehension of the principles of communication

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Check- Up Activity
What is the last thing that you do? You are talking to somebody, right? Communication is
very important for us human beings. According to Brown, Communication is a process of
transmitting ideas or thoughts from one person to another for the purpose of creating an
understanding in the thinking of the person receiving communication. Do you know that
communication has scopes, goals and principles? Do you have any idea?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know
more of the Discipline of Communication!
Discipline of Communication
 It deals with how humans use verbal and nonverbal messages to create meaning in
various contexts. This can be from one person to another, from person to groups, in
government setting, private sectors setting, civil society setting, school setting,
community setting to mass audiences across cultures using variety of channels and
media.
COMMUNICATION
 Alberts, Nakayama and Martin (2007) defines communication as a “transactional
process in which people generate meaning through the exchange of verbal messages
in specific contexts, influenced by individual and societal forces and embedded in
culture.”

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
 Simply put, when two or more persons interact, communication structure is created
and a system of relationships is formed within cultural context. That is what
communication is and does.
In any undertaking, it is very important for you to learn the scope of communication, develop the goals
of communication and adapt the principles of communication. Here is why.
SCOPE OF COMMUNICATION
1. Organizational dimensions
 Communication has a vital role in the organizational structure of a system for smooth
functioning. All the three levels of management – strategic, tactical, and operational
– depend on the transfer of messages done through the communicative techniques.

2. Cultural dimensions
 Commuication provides an opportunity for the promotion and preservation of culture
and traditions. It makes the people fulfill their creative urges. Communication helps
to spread the cultures into different areas.
3. Entertainment dimensions
 To break the routine life and divert our attention from the stressful life we lead today,
entertainment is an essential part of everyday life. Communication opens a wide
possibility of entertainment to the people.
4. Integrative dimensions
Communication is the one which connect people from different parts of the world. It develops
integration and tolerance towards each other. It integrates different people from different
background of the world. It works as a source of persuasion. The well- functioning of the
society depends on the integrating element of communication.

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION
1. Consideration
 It means that you prepare every message with the recipient in mind and try to put
yourself in his or her place.
2. Concreteness
 Communicating concretely means being specific, definite, and vivid rather than vague
and general.
3. Completeness
 Message is complete when it contains all facts the reader or listener needs to react to
your desire outcome. Check for the five W’s (who, what, where, when, how) and any
other essentials.
4. Conciseness
 It is saying what you have to say in the fewest possible words without sacrificing the
other principles of communication. Eliminate wordy expressions. Include on the
relevant statements and avoid unnecessary repetition.
5. Clarity
 Clarity means getting your message across so the receiver wills understand what you
are trying to convey.
6. Correctness
 The correctness principle comprises more than proper grammar, punctuation, and
spelling.
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

ASSESSMENT
You did a good job! I know you are excited to the next activity! Shall we start? Ready?
1. On the four – corner organizer, demonstrate scope of communication.
For example: Organizational dimensions improve labor management relations by keeping in contact
with each other.

_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________

Scope of

Communication

3. What are the outcomes of the principles of communication?
Consideration

It can lead to understanding human nature.

Completeness
Conciseness
Concreteness
Courtesy
Correctness
Clarity

ASSIGNMENT
Based on your observation, in what ways the goals of communication are visibly seen in society?
Limit your answer to six sentences.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCES
Arcinas, Myla M. Discipline and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the twelfth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 13: PROFESSIONALS AND
PRACTIONERS IN COMMUNICATION

LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Show understanding of the roles and functions of communicators and journalists
 Identify career opportunities for communicators and journalists

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of the Professionals and Practitioners in Communication! But before going
to discover it in detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the
discipline of communication.
Check- Up Activity
Answer the questions below.
1. What is communication?
2. What is the scope of communication?
3. What are the principles of communication?

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know more
of the Professionals and Practitioners in Communication
THE ROLES AND FUNCTIONS OF COMMUNICATORS AND JOURNALISTS
 The foremost important role of communicators and journalists is to make available
information and evidence to inform the public about issues that matter to them in
the most neutral way possible.
 They provide facts for the public to form judgment and decisions. In some cases,
they facilitate accurate processing and analysis of such facts in a professional and
ethical way.
 In this way, their functions follow naturally: to collect and document information,
facts and opinions, and present them for public analysis and deepening to the root of
reality. To communicate is to deliver the truth and facts. Professional
communicators and journalists are at the service of truth and facts.
Career Opportunities for Communicators and Journalists
1. Advertising and Marketing Specialists can work as a copy writer, account executive, sales
manager, media planner, creative director, media sales representative and also function as
public opinion researchers and pollsters (such as in Social Weather Station and Pulse Asia).
2. Communication educators can work as a college or university professors and may also
serve as speech communication department chairpersons, language arts coordinators,
elementary and high school speech writers, forensic and debate coaches or drama actors.
3. Broadcasting careers can include opportunities to work as broadcasting station manager,
director or broadcasting, film and tape librarian, community relations director, unit
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
manager, film editor, news editor, news director, news writer, news anchor, transmitter
engineer and technical director.

4. In journalism, one can work as reporter, news editor, newscaster, author, copy writer,
script writer, publisher, new service researcher, technical writer, acquisition editor and
interviewer.
5. In public relations, one can work as publicity manager, advertising manager, marketing
specialist, press agent, lobbyist, corporate public affairs specialist, account executives,
development officer, sales manager, and creative director.
6. In theater and performing arts, graduates can work as performing artists, script writer,
producer, director, arts administrator, performing arts educator, costume designer, theater
critic, stage manager, arts and prop curator, model, theater professor and casting director.
7. In communication in government and politics-related, communication graduates can
work as public information officer, speech writer, legislative assistant, campaign director,
research specialist, program coordinator, negotiator, and pressed secretary.
8. In international relations and negotiations, communication graduates can serve as onair
international broadcasting talent, corporate representative, translator, student tour
coordinator, diplomat, foreign relations officer, host/hostess for foreign delegates and
foreign correspondent
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!

ASSESSMENT
1. Describe the roles and functions of communicators and journalists in three to four
sentences.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Name at least two career opportunities for the different areas of specialization of
communicators and journalists. a. Communication Educators
b. Advertising and Marketing
c. Theater and Performing Arts

ASSIGNMENT
Choose three roles and functions of communicators and journalists that you think are the hardest to
perform and explain why you think so.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

REFERENCE
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the thirteenth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 14: CODE OF ETHICS OF
COMMUNICATORS AND JOURNALISTS

LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Identify the code of ethics of communicators and journalists
 Distinguish between ethical and unethical behaviors among communicators and journalists

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the Code of Ethics of Communicators and Journalists! But before going to discover it in
detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of the different career
opportunities of Communicators and Journalists.
Check- Up Activity
Hello! Can you recall the career opportunities of communicators and journalists? Enumerate
them.
1. _________________________ 2.
_________________________ 3.
_________________________ 4.
_________________________ 5.
_________________________ 6.
_________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know more
of the Code of Ethics of Communicators and Journalists!
National Union of Journalists (NUJ) Code of Conduct
 The NUJ's code of conduct has set out the main principles of UK and Irish journalism
since 1936. The code is part of the rules of our union.
 All journalists joining the NUJ have to sign up and agree they will strive to adhere to
its professional principles.
NUJ Code of Conduct A
journalist:
1. At all times upholds and defends the principle of media freedom, the right of freedom of
expression and the right of the public to be informed.
2. Strives to ensure that information disseminated is honestly conveyed, accurate and fair.
3. Does her/his utmost to correct harmful inaccuracies.
4. Differentiates between fact and opinion.
5. Obtains material by honest, straightforward and open means, with the exception of
investigations that are both overwhelmingly in the public interest and which involve
evidence that cannot be obtained by straightforward means.
6. Does nothing to intrude into anybody’s private life, grief or distress unless justified by
overriding consideration of the public interest.
7. Protects the identity of sources who supply information in confidence and material
gathered in the course of her/his work.

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8. Resists threats or any other inducements to influence, distort or suppress information and
takes no unfair personal advantage of information gained in the course of her/his duties
before the information is public knowledge
9. Produces no material likely to lead to hatred or discrimination on the grounds of a person’s
age, gender, race, colour, creed, legal status, disability, marital status, or sexual orientation.
10. Does not by way of statement, voice or appearance endorse by advertisement any
commercial product or service save for the promotion of her/his own work or of the
medium by which she/he is employed.
11. A journalist shall normally seek the consent of an appropriate adult when interviewing or
photographing a child for a story about her/his welfare.
12. Avoids plagiarism.
If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!

ASSESSMENT
Choose three from the twelve (12) listed principles by the National Union of Journalists(NUJ). Do
the following:
1) Briefly explain the principle
2) Illustrate how the principle is practiced and
3) Illustrate how the principle is violated

ASSIGNMENT
Cite a famous communicator or journalist. Describe his/her personality. What are his/her attributes
in the society why he/she is famous? Would you like to be like him/her? Why?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCES
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.
https://www.nuj.org.uk/about/nuj-code/

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the fourteenth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

LESSON 15: CLIENTELE AND AUDIENCES
IN COMMUNICATION

LESSON OBJECTIVES
 Describe the clientele and audience of communication
 Explain the various types of clientele and audiences in communication

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Welcome to the world of Clientele and Audiences in Communication! But before going to discover
it in detail, kindly answer the “Check Up Activity” to assess your understanding of code of ethics of
journalists.
Check- Up Activity
Instruction: Complete the statements below.
1. The NUJ Code of Conduct is _________________________________________________
2. A journalist must _________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Alright, you’re done answering the Check-Up Activity! For this lesson you will come to know more
of the Clientele and Audiences in Communication!
Characteristics of Clientele and Audiences of Communication
1. Social Position
 It is the status that a person enjoys in a communication context.
 One maybe a president or leader, middle manager, colleague or a
subordinate in an organization of a community. These social positions
dictate how one gets communicated to and how that communication has to
be crafted, contained and delivered.
2. Education Level
 It may suggest the reading skills and healthy literacy and the ability to engage
with more complex topics –new and even unfamiliar.
 An audience that has limited literacy skills may find it difficult to use written
materials; with such audience, oral presentations may be more effective.
3. Age Range
 It can affect choice of communication format or distribution.
 The communication materials maybe relevant to people of ages but the age
of the audience may affect the communication format or distribution
channels.
 Social media websites and mobile texting for example maybe more
appropriate for providing information to younger audience while printed
materials, emails, phone calls, meeting, memos maybe more effective for
older audience.
4. Race and Ethnicity
 It is an important consideration in communications particularly in deciding
on graphics and photos.

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 It is important to design the graphics and photos in the communication
materials to reflect the demographics of the intended audience. 5. Primary
Language
 It has to be considered if the message is effective.
 If the language used is different from the one used by the target audience,
there is a need to translate the communication materials into the primary
language.
6. Health Status
 It matters a lot as it dictates people’s disposition to listening and responding and the
ability to make meaning out of the communicated material. Although people with
certain health conditions tend to be more informed health-care consumers with a
greater awareness of issues within the health-care system, it is important that the
materials are more personal and relevant to specific health conditions or issues.
7. Job Type of the Audience
 It can affect the format of materials and the distribution of methods to be used.
 For an audience without access to their own computers, disseminating the materials
through an internet site or email messages may not be effective.
8. Information Source
 It matters for they affect the format and distribution of the communication materials
and also the medium they trust.
All people are clientele and audience in communication. But different individuals, groups and
communities have distinct communication needs.
1. The Individual As Client of Communication
2. The Group and Organization as Client of Communication
3. The Community as Client of Communication

If you have further questions or queries, feel free to ask teacher!

ASSESSMENT
You did a good job! Now, describe the characteristics and needs of the clientele and audiences of
communication.
Individual

Group

Community

ASSIGNMENT

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
For a professional communicator, what would be the difference between having an individual as
his/her audience from having a group or a community as the audience? How would it affect his/her
preparation for communication?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCES
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book
Store, Inc.

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the fifteenth lesson! Get ready for the next lesson!

LESSON 16: FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL
SCIENCES

LESSON OBJECTIVE
 Explain each of the functions of applied social sciences
a. Self-Development
b. Persuasion
c. Art and Entertainment
d. News and Information
e. Organizing Advocacy and Mobilization
f. Education

LESSON PREVIEW/REVIEW
Task 1.Describe Me!
Analyze the pictures below and answer the questions that follow.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

Social Work

Counseling

Communication
1. Describe what is being portrayed in the following pictures.
1. Counseling
2. Social Work
3. Communication
2. How important are these pictures in one’s development? Write your answer on the box.

Name: __________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION OF THE LESSON
Congratulations, you’re done answering the task! For this lesson you will come to know more of
the functions of applied social sciences.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
I.

FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES TO SELF-DEVELOPMENT


Counseling – offers guidance to individuals in varying situations of conflict, confusion, and
crisis and provides the tools for the individual to address issues of self-development. ❖ Social
Work – offers a wide range of services, particularly in aid of emancipating the marginalized
individuals and facilitating participation in the public goods and services that are necessary for selfdevelopment.

Communication – empowers the individual with listening and speaking skills in order for
them to be effective. The individual has to be sure that the message comes across accurately by
considering the message itself, the audience or receiver, and how the message is likely to be
received.
Task 2. Self-Development Activity: “(+) or (-)”
Identify the following whether it contributes to one’s self-development or not. Write the sign (+) if
it contributes to your self-development and a (-) sign if it is a negative self-development before each
number.
________
1. Studying
________
2. Personal hygiene
________
3. Socialization
________
4. Smoking
________
5. Enrolling to summer classes

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
Task 3.Commercial Viewing
Watch any commercial from the youtube, television or any other media platforms. After the
commercial viewing answer the following questions:
a. What did you observe in the video?
b. Who is the endorser? Why do you think he/she has been chosen to be the
endorser?
c. How did he/she persuade people to buy the product or avail the service?
II.

FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES TO PERSUASION

In careers related to communication like mass media, advertising, and business, persuasion
is very essential. To persuade means:

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
 Being able to convince other people to change their attitudes or behavior regarding
an issue through the communication of messages in an atmosphere of free choice.
 One cannot persuade a person unless he/she has a foundation on social sciences. It
is very important that those who make the messages or advertisements that want to
persuade a client or customer must be knowledgeable about the culture of the
people in which the messages is being communicated.
 The heart of persuasion is the ability to understand well one’s audience and its
complexity.
 Persuasion energizes itself to move audiences to desired and immediate action.
Task 4.Persuade Me!
Kindly follow the instructions as directed.
1. You are tasked to make your own commercial in any of the following areas. Choose only one
area only.
a. Product Advertisement
b. Business Advertisement
c. Advocacy Campaign
2. Come up with a 1-minute video of the commercial and submit it to the teacher.

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON

Task 5: Guess Who?

*Images are taken from the different websites on the internet
Can you name the persons in the pictures? How did these celebrities influence other people?
How do arts and entertainment influence you as an individual?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
III.

FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES TO ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT
 Applied social science is also used in the arts and entertainment industry. Arts
and entertainment are reflections of a country’s culture and society. To be
able to understand and analyze the development and new trends in the arts
and entertainment, it is important to be familiar about the people’s social and
cultural conditions.
 As new forms and delivery systems for entertainment flourished, there is
great importance to understand the needs of the viewing public. It is
important to cope up with the changing demands of the viewers in order to
get the viewer’s attention. The applied social sciences prove to be significant
in this aspect because a strong foundation in the study of the people’s viewing
behavior and patterns are emphasized in this field.

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Task 6: Influential Teleserye!
Think of one the teleseryes you like the most. Then answer the questions that follow.
1. How does the teleserye show creativity and arts?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.
Does it entertain you? If yes, in what way?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Does it influence you on how you behave and respond to real-life situations? Explain your
answer.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
Task 7: News…News
Identify the famous line/slogan of the following news anchors.

Serbisyong Totoo Lamang

1.

____________________________________________

2. _______________________________________

IV.

3.______________________________________________

FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES TO NEWS AND INFORMATION

 Applied social science is also important in the field of journalism.
 The news and current affairs sector emphasize the need for a balanced, objective,
and truthful rendering of the political and other important events as they actually
happened.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
 Practitioners in the applied social sciences have enough training in this regard
because they have a good foundation in history and political science.
 Through the application of these fields, applied social scientist have enough skills to
be able to write and report news accurately and objectively.

Task 8: If I Were…
1. Do you see yourself delivering the news and information in television? Explain your
answer.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. In what way do you think that a certain journalist delivered a balanced news and
information?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
Task 9: Analyze Me!
Analyze the different pictures about advocacy campaigns below and answer the questions
that follow.

1. What do you think are the advocacies in the pictures above?
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. What is the meaning of advocacy groups?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. What is your personal advocacy?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
V. FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES TO ORGANIZING ADVOCACY AND
MOBILIZATION
Advocacy groups are organized to inform and educate on public issues, and influence people
on the development of policies. Advocacy groups also play important roles in the development of
political and social systems. Applies social sciences is a good background for advocacy and
mobilization because this field studies politics, governance, social and political dynamics which are
very important background for advocacy works.
The following are some of the different activities of advocacy. All these activities require knowledge
of the applied social sciences. It includes the following:
1. Community organizing and mobilization – It is about helping to mobilize constituents and
build power with their communities.
2. Information dissemination – Providing communities and people the right information on
important political, social and economic issues affecting them.
3. Research – Conducting research that reflects the needs of the communities.
4. Training – Training sessions that will teach successful strategies and skills for personal and
community development.
Task 10: My Advocacy!
Answer the following questions.
1. Have you been a member of an advocacy group?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. If no, what particular advocacy group would you like to be a member? Why?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. How does an advocacy group help the community to be aware on one’s issues and
concerns?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Why do you think an advocacy group must consider the needs of its target population
(group of people)?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

CONTINUATION OF THE LESSON
Task 11: Education!
Read the excerpt from UNESCO 1996 Report and answer the questions that follow.
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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences

(Excerpt from UNESCO 1996 report, Learning:The Treasure Within( page 11)
“ In confronting the many challenges that the future holds in the store, humankind sees
education as an indispensable asset in its attempt to attain the ideals of peace, freedom, and
social justice,. As it concludes its work, the Commission affirms its belief that education has
a fundamental role to play in personal and social development. The Commission does not see
education as a miracle cure or a magic formula opening the door to a world in which all
ideals will be attained, but as one of the principal means available to foster a deeper and
more harmonious form of human development and thereby to reduce poverty, exclusion,
ignorance, oppression and war.

1. What does the excerpt say about education?
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Do you agree with the statement that, “The Commission does not see education as a miracle
cure or a magic formula opening the door to a world in which all ideals will be attained, but as
one of the principal means available to foster a deeper and more harmonious form of human
development and thereby to reduce poverty, exclusion, ignorance, oppression and war.” Why
or why not?
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3. How is the excerpt related to the functions of applied social sciences on education
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
VI.

FUNCTIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES TO EDUCATION

 The educational process is a well-organized global framework and means of
socialization and enculturation. Education is an ongoing process of improving
knowledge and skills, and it is an exceptional means of bringing about personal
development and building relationships among individuals, groups and nations.
 In its 1972 report, UNSECO essentially gave birth to the four pillars of education that
contain to inform and shape global education circular.
 Education throughout life is based on four pillars: learning to know, learning to do,
learning to live together and learning to be.
Learning to know is by combining a sufficiently broad general knowledge with the
opportunity to work in depth on a small number of subjects. This also means learning to learn,
so as to benefit from the opportunities education provides throughout life.
Learning to do, in order to acquire not only an occupational skill but also, more broadly, the
competence to deal with many situations and work in teams. It also means learning to do in
the context of young peoples' various social and work experiences which may be informal, as
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a result of the local or national context, or formal, involving courses, alternating study and
work.
Learning to live together is by developing an understanding of other people and an
appreciation of interdependence - carrying out joint projects and learning to manage conflicts
-in a spirit of respect for the values of pluralism, mutual understanding and peace.
Learning to be, so as better to develop one's personality and be able to act with ever greater
autonomy, judgment and personal responsibility. In that connection, education must not
disregard any aspect of a person's potential: memory, reasoning, aesthetic sense, physical
capacities and communication skills.

Task 11: Slogan Making
Make a slogan about the importance of applied social sciences in minimizing social problems
concerning education.

ASSESSMENT
Identify if the statement is TRUE or FALSE. Write the answer for each item on the space provided
before each number.
__________ 1. Applied social scientists use and borrow different concepts, theoretical models and
theories of the social science disciplines which can help them understand society
and the different problems and issues that it faces.
__________ 2. The applied social sciences can help persuade people to change their beliefs, attitudes,
and behavior.
__________ 3. Counseling allow us understand one’s personality including various problems and
issues that may affect an individual.
__________ 4. Social work focuses only on individual and personal problems.
__________ 5. The applied social sciences can introduce ways to achieve long lasting peace through a
practitioner’s knowledge and application of the political process that include
peacebuilding processes and conflict management mechanisms.
__________ 6. Personal growth counselling focuses on the evaluation of a client’s life, goals and the
different aspects of life.
___________7. Advocacy works only on community organizing and mobilization.
__________ 8. Education throughout life is based on four pillars: learning to know, learning to do,
learning to live together and learning to be.

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Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences
__________ 9. Community organizing and mobilization is about helping to mobilize constituents and
build power with their communities.
__________ 10. To persuade means being able to convince other people to change their attitudes or
behavior regarding an issue through the communication of messages in an
atmosphere of free choice.

ASSIGNMENT
Identify at least two situations in the society that would require the performance of different
functions of applied social sciences. Determine the situation and describe the corresponding
function that is needed.
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__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCES
Sampa, Elias M (2017). Disciplines and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences First Edition. Rex Book Store,
Inc.
Dela Cruz, et.at (2016). Discipline and Ideas in the Applied Social Sciences. Phoenix Publishing House Inc.

Congratulations! You made it! You’re done with the module!

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